International Journal of Chemical Engineering / 2012 / Article / Tab 4

Review Article

Biofuels Production from Biomass by Thermochemical Conversion Technologies

Table 4

Comparison of various biomass pyrolysis reactors based on overall performance and efficiency.

PyrolyzerStatus (units)Bio-oil yield (wt%)Operational complexityParticle sizeBiomass variabilityScale-upInert gas flow rate

Fixed bedPilot (single),
lab (multiple)
Fluidized bedDemo (multiple),
lab (multiple)
Recirculating bedPilot (multiple), lab (multiple)75HighMediumLowHardHigh
Rotating ConeDemo (single)70MediumMediumHighMediumLow
AblativePilot (single),
lab (multiple)
Screw/auger reactorPilot (multiple), lab (multiple)70LowMediumHighEasyLow
VacuumPilot (single),
lab (few)

We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted research articles as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19. Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions.