International Journal of Chemical Engineering / 2012 / Article / Tab 4

Review Article

Biofuels Production from Biomass by Thermochemical Conversion Technologies

Table 4

Comparison of various biomass pyrolysis reactors based on overall performance and efficiency.

PyrolyzerStatus (units)Bio-oil yield (wt%)Operational complexityParticle sizeBiomass variabilityScale-upInert gas flow rate

Fixed bedPilot (single),
lab (multiple)
75MediumLargeHighHardLow
Fluidized bedDemo (multiple),
lab (multiple)
75MediumSmallLowEasyHigh
Recirculating bedPilot (multiple), lab (multiple)75HighMediumLowHardHigh
Rotating ConeDemo (single)70MediumMediumHighMediumLow
AblativePilot (single),
lab (multiple)
75HighLargeHighHardLow
Screw/auger reactorPilot (multiple), lab (multiple)70LowMediumHighEasyLow
VacuumPilot (single),
lab (few)
60HighLargeMediumHardLow

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