Table 4: Parameters of surface morphology of PES/Mn(acac)3 blend membrane and bare PES were obtained from AFM images.

MembranePores size, µmRoughness, µmAverage mean height of peaks, µm

Bare PESMean pore size 0.076 ± 0.024
Min. 0.003
Max. 0.35
2.4216.38

PES/Mn(acac)3 blend membraneMean pore size 0.003 ± 0.018
Min. 0.0002
Max. 0.017
0.46435.96