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International Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 3479248, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3479248
Research Article

Synthesis, Spectral Characterization, and Antibacterial and Antifungal Studies of PANI/V2O5 Nanocomposites

1Department of Studies and Research in Physics, Gulbarga University, Kalaburagi, Karnataka 585 106, India
2Department of Studies and Research in Chemistry, Gulbarga University, Kalaburagi, Karnataka 585 106, India

Received 1 December 2015; Revised 16 March 2016; Accepted 20 March 2016

Academic Editor: Jose C. Merchuk

Copyright © 2016 Chakradhar Sridhar B et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The present study deals with the synthesis and characterization of nanocrystalline vanadium pentoxide (V2O5) nanoparticles and their antibacterial and antifungal activity on Staphylococcus aureus and Aspergillus niger, respectively, by agar diffusion method. The metal oxide has been synthesized by employing the sol-gel method, polyaniline (PANI) has been synthesized by chemical oxidation, and PANI/V2O5 composites have been synthesized by in situ polymerization method with different ratios (10, 20, 30, 40, and 50 weight%) of V2O5 in PANI. The newly prepared composites were characterized by FTIR and powder X-ray diffraction (P-XRD) techniques and are found to be formed of PANI/V2O5 nanocomposites, and also the compounds showed moderate antibacterial and antifungal activity.