Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 2801359, 16 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/2801359
Research Article

Determination of Optimum Conditions for the Production of Activated Carbon Derived from Separate Varieties of Coconut Shells

1Department of Chemical Engineering, Covenant University, PMB 1023, Ogun State, Nigeria
2Department of Physics, Covenant University, PMB 1023, Ogun State, Nigeria
3Department of Chemical Engineering, Federal University of Technology, PMB 65, Niger State, Nigeria
4Department of Chemical, Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Tshwane University of Technology, Pretoria, South Africa

Correspondence should be addressed to E. S. Sanni

Received 6 January 2017; Revised 18 April 2017; Accepted 24 April 2017; Published 3 August 2017

Academic Editor: Sankar Chakma

Copyright © 2017 E. S. Sanni et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. A. Awoyale, A. C. Eloka-Eboka, and O. A. Odubiyi, “Production and experimental efficiency of activated carbon from local waste bamboo for waste water treatment,” International Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 1–10, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  2. M. A. Baghapour, B. Djahed, and M. Ranjbar, “Removal of methylene blue from aqueous solutions by waste paper derived activated carbon,” Journal of Health Science Surveillance Systems, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 48–56, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  3. R. C. Basal, Activated Carbon Adsorption, Dekker/CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA, 1937.
  4. C. Gimba, [Ph.D. thesis], Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria, 2001.
  5. M. K. B. Gratuito, T. Panyathanmaporn, R. A. Chumnanklang, and A. Dutta, “Production of activated carbon from coconut shell: optimization using response surface methodology,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 99, no. 11, pp. 4887–4895, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. R. H. Gumus and I. Okpeku, “Production of activated carbon and characterization from snail shell waste (helix pomatia),” Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science, vol. 5, pp. 51–61, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. R. H. Hesas, A. Arami-Niya, W. M. A. Daud, and J. N. Sahu, “Preparation and characterization of activated carbon from apple waste by micro-assisted phosphoric acid activation: application in methylene blue adsorption,” Bioresources.com, pp. 1–17, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  8. J. J. Hung, [B.Eng. thesis], Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Arizona, USA, 2012.
  9. A. W. M. Ip, J. P. Barford, and G. Mckay, “Production and comparison of high surface area bamboo derived active carbons,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 6, pp. 6809–6816, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  10. H. Jankowska, A. Swiatkowski, and J. E. H. Choma, Active Carbon, West Sussex, England and Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, NJ, USA, 1991.
  11. F. Karacan, U. Ozden, and S. Karacan, “Optimization of manufacturing conditions for activated carbon from Turkish lignite by chemical activation using response surface methodology,” Applied Thermal Engineering, vol. 27, no. 7, pp. 1212–1218, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J. M. Ketcha, D. J. M. Dina, H. M. Ngomo, and N. J. Ndi, “Preparation and characterization of activated carbons obtained from maize cobs by zinc chloride activation,” American Chemical Science Journal, vol. 4, pp. 136–160, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  13. X. Long, H. Chang, and W. Yuan, “Reduction of hexamine cobalt (III) catalyzed by coconut activated carbon,” Environment Bryer and Sustainable Energy, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 85–92, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  14. P. A. M. Mourão, C. Laginhas, F. Custódio, J. M. V. Nabais, P. J. M. Carrott, and M. M. L. R. Carrott, “Influence of oxidation process on the adsorption capacity of activated carbons from lignocellulosic precursors,” Fuel Processing Technology, vol. 92, no. 2, pp. 241–246, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. O. E. Odebunmi and O. F. Okeola, “Preparation and characterization of activated carbon from waste material,” Journal of Chemical Society of Nigeria, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 1–7, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  16. N. H. Phan, S. Rio, C. Faur, L. Le Coq, P. Le Cloirec, and T. H. Nguyen, “Production of fibrous activated carbons from natural cellulose (jute, coconut) fibers for water treatment applications,” Carbon, vol. 44, no. 12, pp. 2569–2577, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. F. Rodriguez-Reinoso, M. Molina-Sabio, and M. Gonzalez, “The use of steam and CO as activating agents in the preparation of activated carbons,” Carbon, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 15–23, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  18. J. Romanos, M. Beckner, T. Rash et al., “Nanospace engineering of KOH activated carbon,” Nanotechnology, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 15401–15407, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. U. Sains and N. Sembilan, “Preparation and characterization of activated carbon from desiccated coconut residue by potassium hydroxide,” Asian Journal of Chemistry, vol. 27, no. 6, pp. 2331–2336, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. T. Shalna and A. Yogamoorthi, “Preparation and characterization of activated carbon from used tea dust in comparison with commercial activated carbon,” International Journal of Recent Scientific Research, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 2750–2755.
  21. O. A. Sodeinde, “Preparation of a locally produced activated carbon from coconut shells and its use in reducing hexamine cobalt III,” International Journal of Chemical Engineering and Applications, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 1–5.
  22. M. Soleimani and T. Kagazchi, “Low-Cost adsorbents from agricultural by-products impregnated with phosphoric acid,” Advanced Chemical Engineering Research, vol. 3, pp. 1–8, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  23. P. Susheela and R. Radha, “Production of activated carbon from dry coconut shell and its efficacy in treating waste water,” International Journal of Chemical and Biological Sciences, vol. 1, no. 10, pp. 1–9.
  24. C. Srinivasakannan and M. Abu Bakar, “Production of activated carbon from rubber wood sawdust,” Biomass and Bioenergy, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 89–96, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. N. A. Taha, S. E. Abdelhafez, and A. El-Maghraby, “Chemical and physical preparation of activated carbon using raw bagasse pith for cationic dye adsorption,” Global Nest Journal, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 1–14, 2016. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. I. A. W. Tan, A. L. Ahmad, and B. H. Hameed, “Preparation of activated carbon from coconut husk: optimization study on removal of 2,4,6-trichlorophenol using response surface methodology,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 153, no. 1-2, pp. 709–717, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus