Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume 2018, Article ID 2957194, 12 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/2957194
Review Article

Converting a Microwave Oven into a Plasma Reactor: A Review

School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, University College Dublin, Belfield D04 V1W8, Dublin 4, Ireland

Correspondence should be addressed to Victor J. Law; moc.liamg@66walciv

Received 21 February 2018; Accepted 17 April 2018; Published 21 May 2018

Academic Editor: Michael Harris

Copyright © 2018 Victor J. Law and Denis P. Dowling. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. F. Nagelschmidt, Diathermy Text Book for Physicians and Students, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, 1921.
  2. Davis, A History of the Microwave Oven, The IEEE News Source, Piscataway, NJ, USA, https://www.theinstitute.ieee.org/tech-history/technology-history/a-history-of-the-microwave-oven.
  3. P. L. Spencer, Method of treating foodstuffs, 1950.
  4. J. M. Osepchuk, “The history of the microwave oven: a critical review,” in Proceedings of Digest IEEE International Microwave Symposium, pp. 1397–1400, Boston, MA, USA, June 2009.
  5. J. R. Mims, Microwave magnetron, 1973.
  6. T. Koinuma, Magnetron, 1974.
  7. R. N. Gedye, F. Smith, and K. C. Westaway, “The rapid synthesis of organic compounds in microwave ovens,” Canadian Journal of Chemistry, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 17–26, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. R. N. Gedye, W. Rank, and K. C. Westaway, “The rapid synthesis of organic compounds in microwave ovens. II,” Canadian Journal of Chemistry, vol. 69, no. 4, pp. 706–711, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. M. Omran, T. Fabritius, E.-P. Heikkinen, and G. Chen, “Dielectric properties and carbothermic reduction of zinc oxide and zinc ferrite by microwave heating,” Royal Society Open Science, vol. 4, no. 9, p. 170710, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. A. Ribner, Microwave plasma etching machine and method of etching, 1989.
  11. R. E. Douthwaite, M. L. H. Green, and M. J. Rosseinsky, “Rapid synthesis of phase pure K3C6o using a microwave-induced argon plasma,” Journal of the Chemical Society, Chemical Communications, no. 18, pp. 2027-2028, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. R. E. Douthwaite, M. L. H. Green, and M. J. Rosseinsky, “Rapid synthesis of alkali-metal fullerides using a microwave-induced argon plasma,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 394–400, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. D. J. Brooks and R. E. Douthwaite, “Microwave-induced plasma reactor based on a domestic microwave oven for bulk solid state chemistry,” Review of Scientific Instruments, vol. 75, no. 12, pp. 5277–5279, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. B. T. Ginn and O. Steinbock, “Polymer surface modification using microwave-oven-generated plasma,” Langmuir, vol. 19, no. 19, pp. 8117-8118, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. P. Khongkrapan, N. Tippayawong, and T. Kiatsiriroat, “Thermochemical conversion of waste papers to fuel gas in a microwave plasma reactor,” Journal of Clean Energy Technologies, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 80–83, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. P. Khongkrapan, P. Thanompongchart, N. Tippayawong, and T. Kiatsiriroat, “Fuel gas and char from pyrolysis of waste paper in a microwave plasma reactor,” IJEE, vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 969–974, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  17. R. Singh and A. L. L. Jarvis, “Microwave plasma-enhanced chemical vapour deposition growth of carbon nanostructures,” South African Journal of Science, vol. 106, no. 5-6, p. 4, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  18. S. Nomura, H. Toyota, S. Mukasa, H. Yamashita, T. Maehara, and A. Kawashima, “Production of hydrogen in a conventional microwave oven,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 106, no. 7, p. 073306, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. S. Nomura, H. Yamashita, H. Toyota, S. Mukasa, and Y. Okamura, “Simultaneous production of hydrogen and carbon nanotubes in a conventional microwave oven,” in Proceedings of International Symposium on Plasma Chemistry (ISPC19), vol. 65, Bochum, Germany, July 2009.
  20. H. Toyota, S. Nomura, and S. Mukasa, “A practical electrode for microwave plasma processes,” International Journal of Materials Science and Applications, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 83–88, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. R. Pongsopon, T. Chim-Oye, and M. Fuangfoong, “Microwave plasma reactor based on microwave oven,” in PIERS Proceedings, pp. 2723–2726, Guangzhou, China, August 2014.
  22. N. Manivannan, W. Balachandran, R. Beleca, and M. Abbod, “Microwave plasma system design and modelling for marine diesel exhaust gas abatement of NOx and SOx,” International Journal of Environmental Science and Development, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 151–154, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  23. M. C. Savadori, V. P. Mammana, O. G. Martins, and F. T. Degasperi, “Plasma-assisted chemical vapour deposition in a tunable microwave cavity,” Plasma Sources Science and Technology, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 489–494, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. V. J. Law and N. Macgearailt, “Visualization of a dual frequency plasma etch process,” Measurement Science and Technology, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 645–649, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. Y. H. Jung, S. O. Jang, and H. J. You, “Hydrogen generation from the dissociation of water using microwave plasmas,” Chinese Physics Letters, vol. 30, no. 6, p. 065204, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. V. J. Law and D. Tait, “Contaminated ceramic plasma cleaning,” European Semiconductor, vol. 19, no. 9, pp. S38–S41, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  27. V. J. Law and D. Tait, “Microwave plasma cleaning of ion implant ceramic insulators,” Vacuum, vol. 49, no. 4, pp. 273–278, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  28. T. M. Burke, E. H. Linfield, D. A. Ritchie, M. Peper, and J. H. Burroughs, “Hydrogen radical surface cleaning of GaAs for MBE regrowth,” Journal of Crystal Growth, vol. 175-176, pp. 416–421, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  29. D. Tasch, D. J. Brosky, S. Conrad, S. Kumar, and D. Kumar, Microwave plasma cooking, 2009.
  30. H. Stanley, “Microwave experiments at school,” Science in School, vol. 12, pp. 31–33, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  31. H. Page, “Microwave oven plasma reactor,” Summer/Fall, vol. 10, no. 3-4, pp. 11–13, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  32. A. Tallaire, “Plasma cleaning in modified microwave oven at LSPM (CNRS),” https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCfG3h7mSltjtsKcXH0dFCHQ.
  33. H. Stanley, “Plasma balls: creating the 4th state of matter with microwaves,” Science in School, vol. 12, pp. 24–29, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  34. Soxfreak5243, “Grapes making fireballs in the microwave,” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JrD6yzemDRw.
  35. Stupideaproductions, “Microwave plasma: awesome experiment,” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G7lfzA7WzVI.
  36. J. P. Warren, “Microwave plasma experiment,” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CNMjCggFKzM.
  37. W. Sajado, “10 destructive science experiments with microwave. Be really careful when using microwave!,” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8Yv9o8aFTuk.
  38. Kreosan, “What microwave oven is capable. Generated plasma,” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RrOw03gIIQQ.
  39. V. J. Law, G. A. C. Jones, N. Patel, and M. Tewordt, “Loading effects in CH4 and H2 Morie of GaAs,” Microelectronic Engineering, vol. 11, no. 1–4, pp. 611–614, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. C. Chaichumporn, P. Ngamsirijit, N. Brkoonklin, K. Eaiprasetsak, and M. Fuangfoong, “Design and construction of 2.45 GHz microwave plasma source at atmospheric pressure,” Procedia Engineering, vol. 8, pp. 94–100, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. D. Kumar and S. Kumar, Plasma assisted joining, 2007.
  42. K. Y. Gyeong and R. J. Gwan, Heating device of microwave oven, 2001.
  43. S. C. Bo, L. Y. Woo, and S. S. Wom, Heater apparatus for microwave oven, 2007.
  44. E. Jerby, Y. Meir, R. Jaffe, and I. Jerby, “Food cooking by microwave-excited plasmoid in air atmosphere,” in Proceedings of 14th International Conference on Microwave and High Frequency Heating, pp. 17–30, Nottingham, UK, 2013.
  45. W. H. Lee and H. J. Kim, Cooking device with deodorization, 2009.
  46. N. F. Alekseev, D. D. Malairov, and I. B. Bensen, “Generation of high-power oscillations with a magnetron in the centimeter band,” Proceedings of the IRE, vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 136–139, 1944. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. V. J. Law, “Microwave near-field plasma probe,” Vacuum, vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 463–468, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  48. N. J. Brathwaite, J. P. Booth, and G Gunge, “A novel electrostatic probe method for ion flux measurements,” Plasma Sources Science and Technology, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 677–684, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. V. J. Law, “Ultraviolet fluorescence microwave plasma probe,” Vacuum, vol. 49, no. 3, pp. 217–220, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar