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International Journal of Dentistry
Volume 2009, Article ID 159767, 5 pages
Clinical Study

Effect of Educational Level on Oral Health in Peritoneal and Hemodialysis Patients

1Department of Removable Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Istanbul University, 34093 Istanbul, Turkey
2Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Istanbul University, 34093 Istanbul, Turkey
3Department of Nephrology, Haseki Training and Research Hospital, 34087 Istanbul, Turkey
4Department of Nephrology, Istanbul Training and Research Hospital, 34103 Istanbul, Turkey
5Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul University, 34093 Istanbul, Turkey
6Department of Nephrology, Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul University, 34093 Istanbul, Turkey
7Department of Nephrology, Vakif Gureba Hospital, 34091 Istanbul, Turkey

Received 22 June 2008; Revised 25 September 2008; Accepted 23 December 2008

Academic Editor: Ricardo Santiago Gomez

Copyright © 2009 Gulsen Bayraktar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background. In previous studies, the oral and dental health statuses were compared in hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients without taking into account the effect of educational levels on oral health. Hence we aimed to make a comparison of these parameters based upon the subjects educational levels. Patients and Methods. 76 PD (33 males, 43 females-mean age: years) and 100 HD (56 males, 44 females-mean age: years) patients were included. The number of decayed, missing and filled teeth were detected, DMFT index was calculated and plaque index (PI) values were assessed. Results. Significantly higher numbers of filled teeth ( ) and lower PI values ( ) in the PD group were detected with higher educational levels, whereas no significance was detected in the HD group. Higher DMFT index values were assessed in the lower educated and high school levels in PD than HD patients ( ). Higher numbers of filled teeth ( ) were detected in the secondary school level in PD patients. This difference was even more significant in the high school level ( ). Conclusion. We assume that PD patients, who were found to be in a higher educational level, are more caring for their oral health as compared to HD patients.