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International Journal of Dentistry
Volume 2010, Article ID 938936, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2010/938936
Research Article

Sociodemographic Determinants for Oral Health Risk Profiles

1Community Dentistry and Oral Public Health, Dental School, Ghent University, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
2Division Research & Innovation, National Union of Independent Mutual Health Insurance Service, 1150 Brussels, Belgium

Received 12 November 2009; Accepted 10 December 2009

Academic Editor: Alexandre R. Vieira

Copyright © 2010 J. Vanobbergen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The present study aimed to explore the association between caries risk profiles and different sociodemographic factors . The study sample ( 𝑛 = 1 0 4 ) was randomly selected within an urban population in Flanders, Belgium. Caries risk was assessed by anamnesis, clinical examination, salivary tests, and a questionnaire. Age, gender, and socio-economic status were extracted from social insurance data files. Social indicators were “occupational status,” “being entitled to the increased allowance for health care interventions” and having access to the “Maximum Bill” (MAF), initiatives undertaken to protect deprived families. In the bivariate analysis there were significant differences in risk profiles between occupational groups ( 𝑃 < . 0 0 1 ), between entitled and non-entitled individuals to the increased allowance ( 𝑃 = . 0 2 ), and between access or no-access to the MAF ( 𝑃 < . 0 1 ). The multiple logistic model showed a significantly higher chance of being in the low risk group for individuals with no-access to the MAF compared to those with access (OR:14.33–95% C.I. 2.14–95.84).