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International Journal of Dentistry
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 405139, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/405139
Research Article

Effects of Orally Administered Lactoferrin and Lactoperoxidase-Containing Tablets on Clinical and Bacteriological Profiles in Chronic Periodontitis Patients

1Division of Periodontology, Department of Oral Biological Science, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Niigata, Japan
2Shimizu Dental Clinic, Takasaki, Japan
3General Dentistry and Clinical Education Unit, Niigata University Medical and Dental Hospital, 2-5274 Gakkocho-dori, Chuo-ku, Niigata 951-8514, Japan
4Food Science & Technology Institute, Morinaga Milk Industry Co., Ltd., Zama, Japan

Received 4 October 2010; Revised 28 December 2010; Accepted 1 February 2011

Academic Editor: Jasim M. Albandar

Copyright © 2011 Eiju Shimizu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of oral administration of lactoferrin (LF) and lactoperoxidase-(LPO-)containing tablet on periodontal condition. Seventy-two individuals with chronic periodontitis were randomly assigned to take either bovine LF and LPO-containing tablets (test group, ) or control tablets (control group, ) every day for 12 weeks. Periodontal parameters and levels of subgingival plaque bacteria, human and bovine LF, and endotoxin in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) were evaluated at baseline, 1 week, 4 weeks, and 12 weeks. Significant differences were observed in GCF levels of bovine LF between the test and control groups throughout the study ( ). However, clinical and bacteriological parameter values proved comparable between the two groups at 1 week to 12 weeks. Therefore, the effect of oral administration of LF and LPO-containing tablets might be weak on periodontal and bacteriological profile in this study.