International Journal of Dentistry / 2011 / Article / Tab 5

Clinical Study

Knowledge, Awareness, and Attitudes about Research Ethics among Dental Faculty in the Middle East: A Pilot Study

Table 5

Attitudes toward practices in research ethics: aggregate responses and association between responses and independent variables. Numbers represent percentages of respondents who answered β€œyes”.

Research ethics practice Aggregate 𝑛 = 1 2 5 (%) KAU 𝑛 = 7 5 (%) ASU 𝑛 = 5 0 (%)Gender (%)Academic position (%)Prior ethics training (%)Prior research (%)
MenWomenProfMid-levelJuniorAny Ethics TrainingNoneAnyNone

(1) There should be measures to protect patient data from being accidentally exposed93.694.792.096.391.3100.097.584.895.792.492.197.1
(2) Patients should be informed about the full details of the research including all risks and benefits90.485.398.092.688.489.792.589.195.787.392.191.2
(3) Informed consent should always be obtained by having patients sign a written form91.
(4) Informed consent from patients is necessary for use of their biological samples in research87.
(5) When involving patients in research that presents greater than minimal risk, informed consent must be sought from each patient91.294.786.092.689.997.497.576.193.5*89.991.091.2
(6) Patients should not be told about potential risks of a study because they may not enroll in the study.
(7) No need to obtain research informed consent for blood samples obtained for clinical tests32.836.028.030.437.038.5**14.337.923.939.234.832.4
(8) Vulnerable groups such as children and the mentally ill could provide informed consent39.****14.7
(9) If no surrogate is available to give informed consent for vulnerable groups, they could still be included7.25.310.03.710.
(10) It is okay to fabricate data to improve outcome of research as long as there is no harms to the patients11.210.712.05.615.9*23.1**0.010.913.

βˆ— 𝑃 < . 0 5 ; βˆ— βˆ— 𝑃 < . 0 1 .

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