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International Journal of Dentistry
Volume 2012, Article ID 369751, 8 pages
Review Article

Microbiota Associated with Infections of the Jaws

Laboratório de Microbiologia e Imunologia, Departamento de Patologia e Propedêutica Clinica, Faculdade de Odontologia, UNIV-Universidade Estadual Paulista, Araçatuba, Brazil

Received 3 March 2012; Revised 9 May 2012; Accepted 18 May 2012

Academic Editor: Elisabete Brasil dos Santos

Copyright © 2012 Elerson Gaetti-Jardim Jr. et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The microbial infections involving the craniofacial skeleton, particularly maxilla and mandible, have direct relationship with the dental biofilm, with predominance of obligate anaerobes. In some patients, these infections may spread to bone marrow or facial soft tissues, producing severe and life-threatening septic conditions. In such cases, local treatment associated with systemic antimicrobials should be used in order to eradicate the sources of contamination. This paper discuss the possibility of spread of these infections and their clinical implications for dentistry, as well as their etiology and aspects related to microbial virulence and pathogenesis.