International Journal of Dentistry / 2012 / Article / Tab 5

Research Article

Oral Cancer Awareness and Knowledge in the City of Valongo, Portugal

Table 5

Socio-demographic characteristics and their relations with some cancer beliefs variables.

Disagree with question of luck ( ; 60.5%)Early detection can improve treatment ( ; 94.5%)Lifestyle influence risk of oral cancer ( ; 82.2%)

Gender
 Male221134 (60.6)211 (100)187 (84.6)
 Female 381230 (60.4)358 (94)308 (80.8)
P 0.9490.4320.243

Age
 <49 years298216 (72.5)284 (95.3)262 (87.9)
 >49 years 304148 (48.7)285 (93.7)233 (76.6)
P <0.0010.403<0.001

Professional class
 I/II5646 (82.1)53 (94.6)50 (89.2)
 III5134 (66.6)49 (96)45 (88.2)
 IV188115 (61.1)175 (93)157 (83.5)
 V 307169 (55)292 (95.1)243 (79.1)
P 0.0010.7540.147

Marital status
 Single11285 (75.8)110 (98.2)99 (88.4)
 Married 402233 (57.9)381 (94.8)328 (81.6)
 Widow/divorced/separated 8846 (52.3)78 (88.6)68 (77.3)
P 0.0010.0120.105

Education
 Without5021 (42)45 (90)34 (68)
 Primary school429236 (55)404 (94.1)348 (81.1)
 Secondary 8169 (85.2)79 (97.5)73 (90.1)
 Technic-vocation/university4238 (90.5)41 (97.6)40 (95.2)
P <0.0010.2340.001

Smoking
 Nonsmoker367214 (58.3)345 (94)297 (80.9)
 Smoker 14197 (68.8)135 (95.7)123 (87.2)
 Ex-smoker 9453 (56.4)89 (94.7)75 (79.8)
P 0.0650.7410.199

Heavy smoking
 No517313 (60.5)489 (94.6)426 (82.4)
 Yes 8551 (60)80 (94.1)69 (81.1)
P 0.9250.8610.761

Alcohol
 Nonconsumer253157 (62)232 (91.7)200 (79)
 Consumer 301186 (61.8)290 (96.3)255 (84.7)
 Ex-consumer 4821 (43.8)47 (97.9)40 (83.3)
P 0.0470.0320.216

 Heavy alcohol
  No534331 (61.9)503 (94.1)436 (81.6)
  yes 6833 (48.5)66 (97)59 (86.8)
  P 0.0330.3280.299

Fruit and vegetables
 <5 units/day459281 (61.2)431 (93.9)375 (81.7)
 >5 units/day 14383 (58)138 (96.5)120 (83.9)
P 0.4970.2320.545

Oral hygiene frequency
 <1 day7025 (35.7)57 (81.4)56 (80)
 1 or more per day532339 (63.7) 512 (96.2)439 (82.5)
P <0.001<0.0010.604

Dentist visits
 <1 year339181 (53.3)315 (92.9)277 (81.7)
 1 or more per year 263183 (69.6)254 (96.6)218 (82.9)
P <0.0010.0510.707

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