Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Dentistry
Volume 2012, Article ID 578401, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/578401
Research Article

Dental Status and Associated Factors in a Dentate Adult Population in Bulgaria: A Cross-Sectional Survey

1Department of Prosthetic Dental Medicine, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University-Sofia, 1, Georgi Sofiiski Boulevard, 1431 Sofia, Bulgaria
2Department of Oral Function and Prosthetic Dentistry, College of Dental Science, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, 25 Philips van Leydenlaan, 6525 EX Nijmegen, The Netherlands
3Department of Preventive and Restorative Dentistry, College of Dental Science, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, 25 Philips van Leydenlaan, 6525 EX Nijmegen, The Netherlands

Received 19 December 2011; Revised 24 February 2012; Accepted 24 February 2012

Academic Editor: Michael E. Razzoog

Copyright © 2012 Nikola D. Damyanov et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. T. M. Marthaler, D. M. O'Mullane, V. Vrbic et al., “The prevalence of dental caries in europe 1990–1995: orca saturday afternoon symposium 1995,” Caries Research, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 237–255, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. T. M. Marthaler, “Changes in dental caries 1953–2003,” Caries Research, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 173–181, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. P. E. Petersen, D. Bourgeois, H. Ogawa, S. Estupinan-Day, and C. Ndiaye, “The global burden of oral diseases and risks to oral health,” Bulletin of the World Health Organization, vol. 83, no. 9, pp. 661–669, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. A. Hjern, M. Grindefjord, H. Sundberg, and M. Rosén, “Social inequality in oral health and use of dental care in sweden,” Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 167–174, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. U. Krustrup and P. E. Petersen, “Dental caries prevalence among adults in denmark—the impact of socio-demographic factors and use of oral health services,” Community Dental Health, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 225–232, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. J. Paulander, P. Axelsson, and J. Lindhe, “Association between level of education and oral health status in 35-, 50-, 65- and 75-year-olds,” Journal of Clinical Periodontology, vol. 30, no. 8, pp. 697–704, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. U. Krustrup, P. Holm-Pedersen, P. E. Petersen, R. Lund, and K. Avlund, “The overtime effect of social position on dental caries experience in a group of old-aged danes born in 1914,” Journal of Public Health Dentistry, vol. 68, no. 1, pp. 46–52, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. N. U. Zitzmann, K. Staehelin, A. W. G. Walls, G. Menghini, R. Weiger, and E. Zemp Stutz, “Changes in oral health over a 10-yr period in switzerland,” European Journal of Oral Sciences, vol. 116, no. 1, pp. 52–59, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. M. Rajala, K. Selkainaho, and I. Paunio, “Relationship between reported toothbrushing and dental caries in adults,” Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 128–131, 1980. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. T. Mundt, C. Schwahn, F. Mack et al., “Risk indicators for missing teeth in working-age pomeranians—an evaluation of high-risk populations,” Journal of Public Health Dentistry, vol. 67, no. 4, pp. 243–249, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. A. Sheiham, “Dietary effects on dental diseases,” Public Health Nutrition, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 569–591, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. N. Namal, G. Can, S. Vehid, S. Koksal, and A. Kaypmaz, “Dental health status and risk factors for dental caries in adults in Istanbul, Turkey,” Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 110–118, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. C. Splieth, C. Schwahn, O. Bernhardt et al., “Caries prevalence in an adult population: results of the study of health in Pomerania, Germany (SHIP),” Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 149–155, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. K. Yaneva-Ribagina, Prevalence of dental diseases and need of dental care among Bulgarian population, Ph.D. dissertation, Medical University-Sofia, Sofia, Bulgaria, 1998.
  15. M. Pavlova, W. Groot, and F. Van Merode, “Appraising the financial reform in bulgarian public health care sector: the health insurance act of 1998,” Health Policy, vol. 53, no. 3, pp. 185–199, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. E. Widström, “Oral healthcare in transition in Eastern Europe,” British Dental Journal, vol. 190, no. 11, pp. 580–584, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. P. E. Petersen, “Sociobehavioural risk factors in dental caries—international perspectives,” Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 274–279, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. J. Aleksejuniene, D. Holst, and V. Brukiene, “Dental caries risk studies revisited: causal approaches needed for future inquiries,” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 6, no. 12, pp. 2992–3009, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. J. E. Bartlett, J. W. Kotrlik, and C. C. Higgins, “Organizational research: determining appropriate sample size in survey research,” Information Technology, Learning, and Performance Journal, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 43–50, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  20. P. Elias and M. Birch, “Establishment of community-wide occupational statistics,” ISCO 88 (COM). A guide for users, 2004, http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/ier/research/isco88/isco88.pdf.
  21. National Statistical Institute, Regions, Districts and Municipalities in the Republic of Bulgaria 2007, NSI, Sofia, Bulgaria, 2009.
  22. United Nations Educational and Scientific and Cultural Organization, International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED), UNESCO, Paris, France, 1997.
  23. D. J. Witter, W. H. Van Palenstein Helderman, N. H. J. Creugers, and A. F. Käyser, “The shortened dental arch concept and its implications for oral health care,” Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 249–258, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. T. C. Nguyen, D. J. Witter, E. M. Bronkhorst, N. B. Truong, and N. H. J. Creugers, “Oral health status of adults in southern vietnam—a cross-sectional epidemiological study,” BMC Oral Health, vol. 10, no. 1, article 2, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. Q. Zhang, D. J. Witter, E. M. Bronkhorst, and N. H. J. Creugers, “Dental and prosthodontic status of an over 40 year-old population in shandong province, china,” BMC Public Health, vol. 11, article 420, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. R. G. Cumming, “Is probability sampling always better? a comparison of results from a quota and a probability sample survey,” Community Health Studies, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 132–137, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. T. Gschwend, “Analyzing quota sample data and the peer-review process,” French Politics, no. 3, pp. 88–91, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  28. National Statistical Institute, Statistical Reference Book 2009, NSI, Sofia, Bulgaria, 2009.
  29. National program for prevention of oral diseases in children of 0–18 years of age in Bulgaria, http://www.oralnaprofilaktika.bg/.
  30. I. Morita, H. Nakagaki, S. Yoshii et al., “Is there a gradient by job classification in dental status in japanese men?” European Journal of Oral Sciences, vol. 115, no. 4, pp. 275–279, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. D. S. Brennan, A. J. Spencer, and K. F. Roberts-Thomson, “Caries experience among 45–54 year olds in adelaide, South Australia,” Australian Dental Journal, vol. 52, no. 2, pp. 122–127, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. S. Geyer, T. Schneller, and W. Micheelis, “Social gradients and cumulative effects of income and education on dental health in the fourth german oral health study,” Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 120–128, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. L. Levin and A. Shenkman, “The relationship between dental caries status and oral health attitudes and behavior in young Israeli adults,” Journal of Dental Education, vol. 68, no. 11, pp. 1185–1191, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. A. Sheiham, J. Maizels, A. Cushing, and J. Holmes, “Dental attendance and dental status,” Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 304–309, 1985. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. W. M. Thomson, S. M. Williams, J. M. Broadbent, R. Poulton, and D. Locker, “Long-term dental visiting patterns and adult oral health,” Journal of Dental Research, vol. 89, no. 3, pp. 307–311, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. A. Sheiham, “Impact of dental treatment on the incidence of dental caries in children and adults,” Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 104–112, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. Special Eurobarometer 330 / Wave 72.3, “Oral health,” TNS Opinion & Social, Brussels, Belgium, 2010.
  38. M. Larmas, “Has dental caries prevalence some connection with caries index values in adults?” Caries Research, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 81–84, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. M. Korhonen, S. Salo, J. Suni, and M. Larmas, “Computed online determination of life-long mean index values for carious, extracted, and/or filled permanent teeth,” Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, vol. 65, no. 4, pp. 214–218, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. K. Gotfredsen and A. W. G. Walls, “What dentition assures oral function?” Clinical Oral Implants Research, vol. 18, supplement 3, pp. 34–45, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus