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International Journal of Dentistry
Volume 2012, Article ID 717816, 6 pages
Review Article

Periosteum: A Highly Underrated Tool in Dentistry

Department of Periodontics, Himachal Pradesh Government Dental College and Hospital, Snowdown, Shimla 171001, India

Received 1 July 2011; Accepted 26 July 2011

Academic Editor: Chiaki Kitamura

Copyright © 2012 Ajay Mahajan. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The ultimate goal of any dental treatment is the regeneration of lost tissues and alveolar bone. Under the appropriate culture conditions, periosteal cells secrete extracellular matrix and form a membranous structure. The periosteum can be easily harvested from the patient's own oral cavity, where the resulting donor site wound is invisible. Owing to the above reasons, the periosteum offers a rich cell source for bone tissue engineering; hence, the regenerative potential of periosteum is immense. Although the use of periosteum as a regenerative tool has been extensive in general medical field, the regenerative potential of periosteum is highly underestimated in dentistry; therefore, the present paper reviews the current literature related to the regenerative potential of periosteum and gives an insight to the future use of periosteum in dentistry.