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International Journal of Dentistry
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 745265, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/745265
Research Article

Supernumerary Teeth in Indian Children: A Survey of 300 Cases

1Department of Pediatric Dentistry, College of Dental Sciences, BPKIHS, Dharan, Nepal
2Department of Orthodontics, College of Dental Sciences, BPKIHS, Dharan, Nepal

Received 11 July 2011; Revised 19 December 2011; Accepted 10 January 2012

Academic Editor: Preetha Kanjirath

Copyright © 2012 Amita Sharma and Varun Pratap Singh. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The aim of this investigation was to study children with supernumerary teeth who visited the Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Government Dental College and Hospital, Rohtak, Haryana, India. Only children with supernumerary teeth were included in the study while patients having supernumerary teeth with associated syndromes were excluded. Supernumeraries were detected by clinical and radiographic examination. The results indicated that males were affected more than females with a sex ratio of 2.9 : 1. Single supernumerary tooth was seen in 79% of the patients, 20% had double, and 1% had three or more supernumeraries. Premaxillary supernumeraries accounted for 93.8% of the cases. Conical shaped supernumerary teeth were the most common type (59.7%). Majority of supernumeraries remained unerupted (65%). Fusion of supernumerary tooth with a regular tooth was observed in 4% of the patients. Talon cusp, an associated dental anomaly, was seen in 5% of the cases. Simultaneous hypodontia occurred in 2.3% of patients with supernumeraries.