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International Journal of Dentistry
Volume 2013, Article ID 437830, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/437830
Research Article

Evaluating Two Oral Health Video Interventions with Early Head Start Families

1Webfish Pacific, LLC, 1188 Bishop Street, Suite 1502, Honolulu, HI 96813, USA
2Center on the Family, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawai’i at Mānoa, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
3Education Northwest, Center for Research, Evaluation, and Assessment, 101 SW Main Street, Suite 500, Portland, OR 97204, USA
4Department of Pediatrics, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawai’i at Mānoa, 1319 Punahou Street, Seventh Floor, Honolulu, HI 96826, USA

Received 4 June 2013; Accepted 27 August 2013

Academic Editor: Francisco Ramos-Gomez

Copyright © 2013 Lynn B. Wilson et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Poor oral health in early childhood can have long-term consequences, and parents often are unaware of the importance of preventive measures for infants and toddlers. Children in rural, low-income families suffer disproportionately from the effects of poor oral health. Participants were 91 parents of infants and toddlers enrolled in Early Head Start (EHS) living in rural Hawai'i, USA. In this quasi-experimental design, EHS home visitors were assigned to use either a didactic or family-centered video with parents they served. Home visitors reviewed short segments of the assigned videos with parents over an eight-week period. Both groups showed significant prepost gains on knowledge and attitudes/behaviors relating to early oral health as well as self-reported changes in family oral health routines at a six-week followup. Controlling for pretest levels, parents in the family-centered video group showed larger changes in attitudes/behaviors at posttest and a higher number of positive changes in family oral health routines at followup. Results suggest that family-centered educational videos are a promising method for providing anticipatory guidance to parents regarding early childhood oral health. Furthermore, establishing partnerships between dental care, early childhood education, and maternal health systems offers a model that broadens potential reach with minimal cost.