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International Journal of Dentistry
Volume 2014, Article ID 235204, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/235204
Research Article

Mandibular Canine Dimorphism in Establishing Sex Identity in the Lebanese Population

1Department of Basic Sciences, School of Dentistry, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon
2Department of Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon
3Department of Periodontology, School of Dentistry, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon
4Department of Oral Pathology, School of Dentistry, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon
5Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon
6Division of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Lebanon
7Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon

Received 1 December 2013; Accepted 30 December 2013; Published 10 February 2014

Academic Editor: Toni Zeinoun

Copyright © 2014 Fouad Ayoub et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background and Objective. In forensic investigations, mandibular canines provide excellent materials to identify gender since they are more likely to survive disasters. The objective of this study was to investigate gender dimorphism by comparing the mesiodistal width of mandibular permanent canines and intercanine distance in a group of Lebanese population. Methods. Participants consisted of undergraduate students from the School of Dentistry, Lebanese University, for two academic years who fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Canine widths and intercanine distance were measured by one operator directly on dental casts using a digital caliper. Results. One hundred thirty-three Lebanese dental students (54 males and 69 females) aged 18–25 were included in the study. The intercanine distance was significantly greater in males ( value < 0.0001). The right and the left canine widths were significantly greater in males than in females ( value < 0.0001). However, no significant difference was found between left and right canines for males ( value > 0.05) and females ( value > 0.05). The mean width of canine was greater than 7.188 mm for males. Conclusion. The parameters measured in the present study are of great help in sex identification in forensic investigations in the Lebanese adult population.