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International Journal of Dentistry
Volume 2014, Article ID 393571, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/393571
Clinical Study

Psychosocial and Quality of Life Outcomes of Prosthetic Auricular Rehabilitation with CAD/CAM Technology

1Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
2Dental Public Health, Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
3Department of Applied Social Studies, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
4Oral Rehabilitation, Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
5Dental Technology, Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong

Received 3 January 2014; Accepted 9 February 2014; Published 31 March 2014

Academic Editor: Poramate Pitak-Arnnop

Copyright © 2014 Chi Keung Tam et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. The psychosocial and quality of life (QoL) of patients with deformed or missing ears are frequently compromised. The aim of this study is to develop innovative techniques using CAD/CAM technology in prosthetic auricular rehabilitation and provide improvement in the treatment outcomes, including their psychology and QoL. Methods. This is a preliminary clinical cohort study. Six patients requesting for auricular reconstruction were recruited and rehabilitated with implant-supported prosthesis using CAD/CAM technology. Different treatment outcomes including QoL and psychological changes were assessed at different time points. Results. A significant reduction in severity of depressive symptoms and an improving trend of satisfaction with life were found at 1 year postoperatively when compared with the preoperative findings. The domain scores in ‘‘Body image’’, ‘‘Family/friends/strangers’’, and ‘‘Mood’’ were also significantly higher at 1 year postoperatively than 1 week postoperatively. However, only 50% of the patients wear their auricular prosthesis regularly. Conclusion. This preliminary study has confirmed that implant-supported auricular prosthesis could induce improvement in the psychology and QoL with statistically significant differences in the domains of the body image, social interaction, and mood. Our present findings can inform research design and hypotheses generation of future studies.