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International Journal of Dentistry
Volume 2015, Article ID 606834, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/606834
Research Article

Spectrogram Analysis of Complete Dentures with Different Thickness and Palatal Rugae Materials on Speech Production

1Department of Removable Prosthodontics, College of Dentistry, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt
2Department of Restorative Dental Sciences, Alfarabi Colleges, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Received 25 December 2014; Revised 12 March 2015; Accepted 19 March 2015

Academic Editor: Manal Awad

Copyright © 2015 Hamada Zaki Mahross and Kusai Baroudi. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. To investigate the influence of reproduction of different thickness and palatal rugae materials on complete dentures speech using Computerized Speech Lab (CSL) (spectrogram). Materials and Methods. Three completely edentulous male patients (aged 50–60 years) were selected for reading a paragraph. Twelve upper dentures were constructed, four for each patient. The patients’ speech groups were divided into five groups, Group I: patients without dentures; Group II: patients rehabilitated with conventional acrylic dentures; Group III: patients with conventional acrylic dentures with rugae reproduction; Group IV: patients with dentures with metallic framework of minimal thickness and direct ragged metallic palatal surface at rugae area; Group V: patients with dentures with palatal rugae constructed from resilient acrylic resin material with thickness less than conventional denture. Speech samples were recorded after insertion of each denture for groups using Computerized Speech Lab (CSL) (spectrogram). The sounds selected were lingopalatal /s/z/sh/t/d/ and /l/. Results. Group III produced high mean significant difference with /sh/t/ sound. For Group IV, the difference was noticed with /s/z/sh/t/ and /d/ sounds, while for Group V the difference was shown with /z/l/ sound (). Conclusion. It is recommended to reproduce the rugae area in complete denture because the phonetic quality of complete denture with rugae is superior to the conventional denture.