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International Journal of Dentistry
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 8590971, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/8590971
Clinical Study

3D Printing/Additive Manufacturing Single Titanium Dental Implants: A Prospective Multicenter Study with 3 Years of Follow-Up

1Private Practice, Rua Asia 173, Cerqueira Cesar, 05413-030 Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
2Private Practice, Rua Inacio Pereira da Rocha 147, 05432-010 Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
3Department of Periodontology, The Maurice and Gabriela Goldschleger School of Dental Medicine, University of Tel Aviv, Ramat-Aviv, 6997801 Tel Aviv, Israel
4Department of Oral Rehabilitation, The Maurice and Gabriela Goldschleger School of Dental Medicine, University of Tel Aviv, Ramat-Aviv, 6997801 Tel Aviv, Israel
5Department of Periodontology and Oral Implantology, Dental Research Division, Guarulhos University, Praca Teresa Cristina 229, 07023070 Guarulhos, SP, Brazil

Received 20 February 2016; Revised 14 April 2016; Accepted 5 May 2016

Academic Editor: Spiros Zinelis

Copyright © 2016 Samy Tunchel et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This prospective 3-year follow-up clinical study evaluated the survival and success rates of 3DP/AM titanium dental implants to support single implant-supported restorations. After 3 years of loading, clinical, radiographic, and prosthetic parameters were assessed; the implant survival and the implant-crown success were evaluated. Eighty-two patients (44 males, 38 females; age range 26–67 years) were enrolled in the present study. A total of 110 3DP/AM titanium dental implants (65 maxilla, 45 mandible) were installed: 75 in healed alveolar ridges and 35 in postextraction sockets. The prosthetic restorations included 110 single crowns (SCs). After 3 years of loading, six implants failed, for an overall implant survival rate of 94.5%; among the 104 surviving implant-supported restorations, 6 showed complications and were therefore considered unsuccessful, for an implant-crown success of 94.3%. The mean distance between the implant shoulder and the first visible bone-implant contact was 0.75 mm (±0.32) and 0.89 (±0.45) after 1 and 3 years of loading, respectively. 3DP/AM titanium dental implants seem to represent a successful clinical option for the rehabilitation of single-tooth gaps in both jaws, at least until 3-year period. Further, long-term clinical studies are needed to confirm the present results.