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International Journal of Dentistry
Volume 2017, Article ID 4573037, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/4573037
Clinical Study

Morse Taper Connection Implants Placed in Grafted Sinuses in 65 Patients: A Retrospective Clinical Study with 10 Years of Follow-Up

1Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Insubria, 21100 Varese, Italy
2Private Practice, 45100 Rovigo, Italy
3Private Practice, 22019 Tremezzo, Italy
4Department of Dental Science, Vita Salute S. Raffaele University, 20132 Milan, Italy

Correspondence should be addressed to Francesco Mangano; moc.liamg@onagnamodiugocsecnarf

Received 19 June 2017; Accepted 10 July 2017; Published 7 August 2017

Academic Editor: Luigi Canullo

Copyright © 2017 Francesco Mangano et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Purpose. To investigate the 10-year survival and complication rates of Morse taper connection implants (MTCIs) placed in grafted sinuses. Methods. This study reports on patients treated with maxillary sinus augmentation (with the lateral window technique (LWT) or the transalveolar osteotomy technique (TOT)) and installed with MTCIs supporting fixed restorations (single crowns (SCs) and fixed partial dentures (FPDs)), in two dental clinics. The outcomes of the study were the 10-year implant survival and complication rates. Results. Sixty-five patients (30 males and 35 females) with a mean age of 62.7 (±10.2) years were installed with 142 MTCIs: 79 fixtures were inserted with the LWT and 63 were placed with the TOT. After ten years, five implants failed, for an overall survival rate of 96.5%. Three implants failed in the LWT group, for a survival rate of 96.3%; two implants failed in the TOT group, for a survival rate of 96.9%. The 10-year incidence of biologic complications was 11.9%. Prosthetic complications were all technical in nature and amounted to 7.6%. Conclusions. MTCIs seem to represent a successful procedure for the prosthetic restoration of the grafted posterior maxilla, in the long term. This study was registered in the ISRCTN registry with number ISRCTN30772506.