Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Dentistry
Volume 2017, Article ID 4646789, 5 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/4646789
Research Article

Analysis of the Chemical Modification of Dental Enamel Submitted to 35% Hydrogen Peroxide “In-Office” Whitening, with or without Calcium

1School of Dentistry, UERJ, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
2Institute of Physics, UERJ, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil

Correspondence should be addressed to Rudá França Moreira; moc.liamtoh@arieromadur

Received 8 May 2017; Accepted 9 July 2017; Published 28 August 2017

Academic Editor: Izzet Yavuz

Copyright © 2017 Rudá França Moreira et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. F. Y. Cakir, Y. Korkmaz, E. Firat, S. S. Oztas, and S. Gurgan, “Chemical analysis of enamel and dentin following the application of three different at-home bleaching systems,” Operative Dentistry, vol. 36, no. 5, pp. 529–536, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. V. B. Haywood and H. O. Heymann, “Nightguard vital bleaching,” Quintessence International, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 173–176, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. V. B. Haywood and H. O. Heymann, “Nightguard vital bleaching: how safe is it?” Quintessence International, vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 515–523, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. J. K. Bernardon, P. Ferrari, L. N. Baratieri, and G. B. Rauber, “Comparison of treatment time versus patient satisfaction in at-home and in-office tooth bleaching therapy,” Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry, vol. 114, no. 6, pp. 826–830, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. V. H. S. Nunes, A. O. Andrade, R. V. Vilar et al., “A influência do peróxido de carbamida sobre a formação de colônias de estreptococos do grupos mutans,” Revista Brasileira de Odontologia, vol. 68, no. 1, pp. 124–127, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  6. A. Joiner, “Review of the effects of peroxide on enamel and dentine properties,” Journal of Dentistry, vol. 35, no. 12, pp. 889–896, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. A. Consolaro, L. A. Francischone, and R. B. Consolaro, “O clareador dentário atua como co-carcinógeno na mucosa bucal, inclusive quando em dentifrícios e antissépticos: fundamentos para orientação de pacientes ortodônticos e como evitar seus efeitos indesejáveis,” Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 28–35, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. I. Izquierdo-Barba, C. Torres-Rodríguez, E. Matesanz, and M. Vallet-Regí, “New approach to determine the morphological and structural changes in the enamel as consequence of dental bleaching,” Materials Letters, vol. 141, pp. 302–306, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. A. A. R. Al-Shekhli, “In-home bleaching effect on compressive strength values of some direct restorative materials,” Journal of International Dental and Medical Research, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 15–18, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. A. A. Razooki Al-Shekhli and I. Al Aubi, “In-home bleaching effect on DTS values of some direct restorative materials,” Journal of International Dental and Medical Research, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 21–25, 2014. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. A. Joiner, “The bleaching of teeth: a review of the literature,” Journal of Dentistry, vol. 34, no. 7, pp. 412–419, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. A. M. A. Pizani, B. Tholt, S. Paciornik, K. R. H. C. Dias, P. P. A. C. de Albuquerque, and C. S. Queiroz, “Dental bleaching agents with calcium and their effects on enamel microhardness and morphology,” Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 154–158, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. R. O. A. Souza, G. H. Lombardo, S. M. Pereira et al., “Analysis of tooth enamel after excessive bleaching: a study using scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy,” International Journal of Prosthodontics, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 29–32, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  14. B. A. Matis, Y. Wang, G. J. Eckert, M. A. Cochran, and T. Jiang, “Extended bleaching of tetracycline-stained teeth: a 5-year study,” Operative Dentistry, vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 643–651, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. A. Antunes, V. L. R. Salvador, M. A. Scapin, W. De Rossi, and D. M. Zezell, “Nanosecond Nd:YAG laser on dental enamel: compositional analysis by X-ray fluorescence,” Laser Physics Letters, vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 318–323, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. R. F. Moreira, F. S. Calazans, R. S. Santos, J. T. Assis, M. S. Miranda, and M. J. Anjos, “Study of the hydrogen peroxide bleaching agent effects on bovine enamel using X-ray fluorescence,” in Proceedings of the International Nuclear Atlantic Conference - INAC, Recife, Brazil, 2013.
  17. K. Janssens, W. De Nolf, G. Van Der Snickt et al., “Recent trends in quantitative aspects of microscopic X-ray fluorescence analysis,” TrAC - Trends in Analytical Chemistry, vol. 29, no. 6, pp. 464–478, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. A. Reis, L. Y. Tay, D. R. Herrera, S. Kossatz, and A. D. Loguercio, “Clinical effects of prolonged application time of an in-office bleaching gel,” Operative Dentistry, vol. 36, no. 6, pp. 590–596, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. W. D. Browning, S. D. Cho, and E. J. Deschepper, “Effect of a nano-hydroxyapatite paste on bleaching-related tooth sensitivity,” Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 268–276, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. R. T. Basting, F. L. B. Amaral, F. M. G. França, and F. M. Flório, “Clinical comparative study of the effectiveness of and tooth sensitivity to 10% and 20% carbamide peroxide home-use and 35% and 38% hydrogen peroxide in-office bleaching materials containing desensitizing agents,” Operative Dentistry, vol. 37, no. 5, pp. 464–473, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. S. K. Al-Salehi, D. J. Wood, and P. V. Hatton, “The effect of 24 h non-stop hydrogen peroxide concentration on bovine enamel and dentine mineral content and microhardness,” Journal of Dentistry, vol. 35, no. 11, pp. 845–850, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. M. A. Garrido, I. Giráldez, L. Ceballos, M. T. G. D. Río, and J. Rodríguez, “Nanotribological behaviour of tooth enamel rod affected by bleaching treatment,” Wear, vol. 271, no. 9-10, pp. 2334–2339, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. J.-H. Lee, K.-M. Kim, S.-H. Choi, and Y.-K. Lee, “Effect of the simulated body fluid containing bleaching agent on the hypersensitivity and surface microhardness of the tooth,” Materials Letters, vol. 65, no. 23-24, pp. 3502–3505, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. A. C. Pedreira de Freitas, L. C. Espejo, S. B. Botta et al., “AFM analysis of bleaching effects on dental enamel microtopography,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 256, no. 9, pp. 2915–2919, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. B. Zimmerman, L. Datko, M. Cupelli, S. Alapati, D. Dean, and M. Kennedy, “Alteration of dentin-enamel mechanical properties due to dental whitening treatments,” Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 339–346, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. E. Gjorgievska and J. W. Nicholson, “Prevention of enamel demineralization after tooth bleaching by bioactive glass incorporated into toothpaste,” Australian Dental Journal, vol. 56, no. 2, pp. 193–200, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. E. J. Navimipour, S. Kimyai, S. Nikazar, and M. Ghojazadeh, “In vitro evaluation of the effect of delaying toothbrushing with toothpaste on enamel microhardness subsequent to bleaching the teeth with 15% carbamide peroxide,” Operative Dentistry, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 87–92, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. E. J. Navimipour, N. Mohammadi, S. Mostafazadeh, M. Ghojazadeh, and P. A. Oskoee, “Effect of delaying toothbrushing during bleaching on enamel surface roughness: An in vitro study,” Operative Dentistry, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 218–225, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. Y. Sa, L. Sun, Z. Wang et al., “Effects of two in-office bleaching agents with different ph on the structure of human enamel: An in situ and in vitro study,” Operative Dentistry, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 100–110, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. S. González-López, C. Torres-Rodríguez, V. Bolaños-Carmona et al., “Effect of 30% hydrogen peroxide on mineral chemical composition and surface morphology of bovine enamel,” Odontology, vol. 104, no. 1, pp. 44–52, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. N. Efeoglu, D. J. Wood, and C. Efeoglu, “Thirty-five percent carbamide peroxide application causes in vitro demineralization of enamel,” Dental Materials, vol. 23, no. 7, pp. 900–904, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. T. Jiang, X. Ma, Y. Wang et al., “Investigation of the effects of 30% hydrogen peroxide on human tooth enamel by Raman scattering and laser-induced fluorescence,” Journal of Biomedical Optics, vol. 13, no. 1, Article ID 014019, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. S. Poorni, R. A. Kumar, P. Shankar, R. Indira, and S. Ramachandran, “Effect of 10% sodium ascorbate on the calcium: Phosphorus ratio of enamel bleached with 35% hydrogen peroxide: an in vitro quantitative energy-dispersive X-ray analysis,” Contemporary Clinical Dentistry, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 223–226, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  34. E. Klaric, M. Rakic, I. Sever, O. Milat, M. Par, and Z. Tarle, “Enamel and dentin microhardness and chemical composition after experimental light-activated bleaching,” Operative Dentistry, vol. 40, no. 4, pp. E132–E141, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. R. F. Moreira, F. S. Calazans, R. S. Santos, M. J. Dos Anjos, J. T. De Assis, and M. S. Miranda, “Effects of Hydrogen Peroxide on the inorganic composition of bovine enamel,” in Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Biodental Engineering, BIODENTAL 2012, pp. 163–166, Porto, Portugal, December 2012. View at Scopus
  36. F. S. Calazans, R. F. Moreira, M. S. Miranda, R. S. Santos, M. J. Anjos, and J. T. Assis, “X-ray fluorescence technique to evaluate in vitro the de/remineralization in bovine enamel,” in Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Biodental Engineering, BIODENTAL 2012, pp. 135–138, Porto, Portugal, December 2012. View at Scopus