Table 5: Results for the global and domain scores on the SF-36 ().

Study designFollow-up durationMain resultsReferences

(1) ProspectiveT0: baseline
T1: 6 weeks after surgery
T2: 6 months after surgery
T0-T1: significant reductions in scores for the physical health, mental health, and social domains.
T0–T2: no significant change in any domain, except for an increase in the score for the emotional component.
Lee et al. [9]
(2) Retrospective21 months after surgerySignificant differences in the components general health, vitality and mental health between the pre- and postsurgery groups favoring the group of patients who underwent surgery.Al-Ahmad et al. [20]
(3) ProspectiveT0: baseline
T1: 6 weeks after surgery
T2: 6 months after surgery
T3: after orthodontic treatment (at least 12 months after orthognathic surgery and 6 months after the end of orthodontic treatment)
T0-T1: significant reduction in the score for the domain physical health.
T0–T3: significant improvement in the component mental health after the end of orthodontic treatment.
Choi et al. [3]
(4) ProspectiveT0: before surgery
T1: 6 to 8 months after surgery
Significant differences in the physical and bodily pain components () between the groups at T0.
No significant difference between groups at T1 ().
Khadka et al. [23]