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International Journal of Dentistry
Volume 2019, Article ID 7629146, 6 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/7629146
Research Article

Preliminary Research: Description of Lip Print Patterns in Children and Their Parents among Deutero-Malay Population in Indonesia

1Bachelor of Dental Science, Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, West Java, Indonesia
2Lecturer and Researcher in Oral Biology (Oral Pathology) Department–Forensic Odontology, Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, West Java, Indonesia
3Lecturer and Researcher in Oral Biology (Oral Anatomy) Department–Forensic Odontology, Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, West Java, Indonesia
4Lecturer in Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology Department-Forensic of Dentistry, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, West Java, Indonesia
5Lecturer and Researcher in Oral Biology (Oral Microbiology) Department–Forensic Odontology, Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, West Java, Indonesia
6Lecturer and Researcher in Oral Medicine Department–Forensic Odontology, Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, West Java, Indonesia

Correspondence should be addressed to Suriya Loganadan; moc.liamg@61nagurumayirus

Received 26 July 2018; Revised 19 November 2018; Accepted 3 February 2019; Published 13 March 2019

Academic Editor: Andrea Scribante

Copyright © 2019 Suriya Loganadan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. Human identification is vital not only in legal medicine but also in criminal inquiries and identification. Cheiloscopy is the study of lip prints which are unique, individual, and heritable that is used for personal identification purposes in forensic odontology. Objective. The aim of this study is to identify the possibility of the child to inherit the lip print patterns from their parents and also to describe the lip print patterns in children and their parents among the Deutero-Malay population. Method. The descriptive research used lip samples of 90 individuals including father, mother, and a child who are biologically related and their age ranges from 12 to 60 years old. The samples chosen are from the Deutero-Malay ethnic in Indonesia at least for the past two generation who obeys all the exclusion criteria of this research. Purposive nonrandom sampling method was used to collect samples by photography technique using a digital camera, and the data obtained were then analysed using Adobe Photoshop CS3 software. Grooves and wrinkles of primary quadrants one, three, six, and seven of lips were studied according to Suzuki and Tsuchihashi’s classification in 1971. Result. In the present study, it is found that Type I′ (30.28%) is the most dominant lip print pattern and Type I (1.39%) is the least dominant among the Deutero-Malay population. Besides, this study has shown that the similarity of lip print pattern between mother and the child (57.89%) is greater compared to the father and the child (42.22%). Conclusion. Based on this, we can conclude that lip print can be inherited and dissimilar for every population of race; likewise, the Deutero-Malay population has the Type I′ as the most dominant lip print pattern.