Progress in Prevention and Treatment of Acute Bone Loss in OrthopedicsRead the full article
International Journal of Endocrinology publishes original research articles and review articles that provide insights into the endocrine system and its associated diseases at a genomic, molecular, biochemical and cellular level.
Chief Editor, Dr. Zhongjian Xie, is based at the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, China. He is mainly engaged in research on the skeletal and extraskeletal function of vitamin D and calcium.
Latest ArticlesMore articles
Association between Sleep Duration and Left Ventricular Hypertrophy for Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Objective. In this study, we aimed to estimate the impact of sleep duration on left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods. Consecutive patients with T2DM undergoing transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) in our center from October 2017 to February 2021 were analyzed. The association of the risk of LVH in T2DM patients was evaluated using univariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses. Results. This study finally included 2689 adult patients (mean age 51.8 ± 12.5 years, 56.2% men, mean sleep duration 7.6 ± 1.4 hours per day). Of all patients, 655 (24.4%) patients were diagnosed with LVH and 2034 did not have LVH. All patients were adults and were diagnosed with T2DM. In the univariate and multivariate regression analyses, gender, sleep duration, body mass index (BMI), waist, hemoglobin (Hb), blood creatinine (Cr), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c) were associated with LVH. In the restricted cubic spline (RCS) model, the cut-off points of sleep duration given refer to the group of patients with T2DM and LVH were 8 hours per day. With the cut-off points, the multivariable analysis demonstrated that, for diabetic patients, LVH was significantly correlated with a sleep duration of 8 hours per day, hemoglobin, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), and HDL-c. Conclusion. For patients with T2DM, long sleep duration (>8 hours per day), hemoglobin, BUN, and HDL-c were independently associated with LVH. This trial is registered with NCT03811470.
Diagnostic Accuracy of the Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology (TBSRTC): An Institution Experience
The Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology (TBSRTC) is a standardized system which is used to classify results of thyroid fine-needle aspiration (FNA). This system is used to evaluate and determine which patients should get thyroid surgery. It was created in order to reduce the number of patients requiring surgery. The question remains as to whether this reporting system is accurate in determining those nodules that have malignant potential and those that do not. This study is a retrospective analysis of patients in one institution who have undergone FNA and then thyroid surgery based on TBSRTC. The outcome of the pathology reports after surgery was analyzed to determine the accuracy of TBSRTC in our institution (Lourdes Hospital, Binghamton, NY). The results from our institution were compared with similar studies in other institutions to determine accuracy and reproducibility. Our results indicated that the risk of malignancy in each Bethesda category was similar to the risk percentages described for most categories in the 2017 TBSRTC update.
Diabetes Mellitus across the Arabo-Islamic World: A Revolution
Background. Mankind continues to suffer from the ever-growing diabetes epidemic and the rapid rise of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This metabolic disease has been studied since ancient civilizations. The Arabo-Islamic civilization excelled in establishing some of the most notable discoveries and teachings that remained the blueprint for years to come in the field of diabetology. Aim. This article aimed to review the ancient history of diabetes mellitus, with its main focus on the Arabo-Islamic civilization, and to report our subjective views and analysis of some of the past recommendations based on modern-day findings. Discussion. It is natural to have the teachings of medicine dynamically inspired by one civilization to another, as various fields continue to expand and evolve. This also applies to diabetology as the Arabo-Islamic world used the outlines of prior civilizations to revolutionize the understanding of the disease. Al-Razi and Ibn Sina are probably two of the most renowned polymaths in history, and their contributions to diabetology are well documented. Ibn Maymun’s postulation about the higher prevalence of diabetes in Egypt as compared to Andalusia is something to be carefully studied. It could be that diabetes mellitus’ underdiagnosis and late-stage detection are some of the major reasons for the disparity between the two mentioned regions. Modern-day Arabo-Islamic scholars continue to excel in revolutionizing diabetology. Conclusion. The Arabo-Islamic world houses an impressive bout of scholars who have contributed since the ancient times to diabetology. This scientific locomotion shows no signs of stopping, as it continues to shine during the present day, and likely in the future.
The Association between Visit-to-Visit Variability of Blood Pressure and the Risk of Metabolic Syndrome: The Moderating Effect of Weight
Aims. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) affects approximately one-third of the global population. Visit-to-visit variability of blood pressure (VVV-BP) constitutes a substantial risk factor for numerous chronic conditions. Thus, this study aimed to assess the relationship between VVV-BP and MetS and identify potential moderating factors between these. Methods. Data were obtained from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study, a nationally representative study. Multiple logistic regression analyses were utilized to explore the association between VVV-BP and MetS while incorporating moderation analyses. MetS was defined according to the criteria outlined in the Joint Interim Statement. VVV-BP was expressed by the standard deviation, coefficient of variation, average real variability, and root mean square error. Results. Individuals with the highest levels of VVV of systolic blood pressure (SBP) exhibited a 70% increased risk of MetS compared to those with the lowest levels (OR = 1.70, 95% CI = 1.31–2.21). In addition, they had a 41% increased risk of VVV of diastolic blood pressure (DBP) (OR = 1.41, 95% CI = 1.09–1.81). Notably, weight change status significantly influenced the relationship between VVV-BP and MetS (Pinteraction = 0.01). Conclusions. VVV-BP is a significant contributor to the risk of developing MetS. Importantly, individuals who experienced weight loss during the follow-up period did not face a significantly higher risk of developing MetS.
Factors Associated with Vitamin D Deficiency and Their Relative Importance among Indian Adolescents: An Application of Dominance Analysis
Vitamin D deficiency is a serious issue in developing nations, including India. This study investigates the determinants of vitamin D deficiency among Indian adolescents and assesses their relative importance using dominance analysis. Data from the Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey (CNNS) conducted between 2016 and 2018 were utilized in this study. Vitamin D levels were assessed based on serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration, with a sample size encompassing 13,065 adolescents aged between 10 and 19 years. Backward stepwise multivariate logistic regression was used to identify the correlates of vitamin D deficiency, and the relative importance of these factors was assessed using dominance analysis. The study identified nine predictors that were significantly associated with vitamin D deficiency at a 1% level of significance (α = 0.001). Among these factors, sex was found to be the most significant predictor, with female adolescents being 2.66 (95% CI: 95% CI: 2.39–2.96) times more likely to be vitamin D deficient compared to male adolescents. Lifestyle and behavioral factors, such as “sex,” “wealth index,” and “place of residence,” were more dominant in predicting vitamin D deficiency than biological indicators like “BMI” and “serum creatinine.” This underscores the vital role of sunlight exposure in maintaining sufficient vitamin D levels. In summary, this study sheds light on the multifaceted factors contributing to vitamin D deficiency among Indian adolescents, emphasizing the significance of targeted interventions and public health awareness campaigns to mitigate this pressing issue.
Analysis of Subclinical Thyroid Dysfunction and Metabolic Abnormality in 28568 Healthy People
We analyzed the detection rates of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and subclinical thyroid dysfunction, including subclinical hyperthyroidism (SCHyper) and subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH), in healthy people, as well as their relationship. Clinical data were collected from 28,568 healthy individuals who underwent physical examinations. The detection rates of SCHyper, SCH, and MetS, as well as in different genders and ages, were analyzed. The detection rate of SCHyper and SCH in females was significantly higher than that in males ( < 0.001), but that of MetS in males was significantly higher than that in females ( < 0.001). In each age group, the detection rate of SCH in females was higher than that in males ( < 0.001). The detection rate of SCH was significantly different in different age groups ( < 0.001). The detection rates of hyperlipidemia ( < 0.001), obesity ( = 0.004), hypertension ( = 0.009), and hyperglycemia ( < 0.001) in the female SCH group were significantly higher than those in the normal group. The detection rates of hyperlipidemia ( = 0.006), obesity ( = 0.04), and hypertension ( = 0.04) in the male SCH group were higher than those in the normal group. The males with SCHyper were more prone to hyperlipidemia ( = 0.02) and obesity ( = 0.03). In addition, the female SCHyper group was not significantly different from the normal group ( > 0.05). Conclusively, the detection rate of SCHyper and SCH in females is higher than that in males, which increases with age. Attention should be paid to subclinical thyroid dysfunction in elderly people, especially females. Early individualized screening and early intervention should be carried out for people with abnormal metabolism.