International Journal of Endocrinology / 2012 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Low Glycemic Index Carbohydrates versus All Types of Carbohydrates for Treating Diabetes in Pregnancy: A Randomized Clinical Trial to Evaluate the Effect of Glycemic Control

Table 1

Baseline personal, clinical, and glycemic data of pregnant women studied.

Group 1 (All types of CHO) 
( )
Group 2 (Low GI CHO) 
( )
value

Age (years)a31.80 ± 5.332.30 ± 4.80.517
Type 2 DM (%, )b50.0 (23)52.50 (32)0.856
GDM (%, )b50.0 (23)47.50 (29)0.789
Gestational age at admission (weeks)a20.70 ± 6.722.50 ± 4.90.182
Plasma fasting glucose (mg/dL)c104.10 ± 31.8395.02 ± 13.970.406
Capillary fasting glucose (mg/dL)c96.00 ± 13.9196.25 ± 12.210.531
Capillary 2 h postprandial glucose (breakfast) (mg/dL)a105.45 ± 19.50108.76 ± 19.100.404
Capillary 2 h postprandial glucose (lunch) (mg/dL)a119.16 ± 16.15118.79 ± 21.980.927
Capillary 2 h postprandial glucose (dinner) (mg/dL)a108.97 ± 12.78116.20 ± 21.960.503
Insulin users (%, )b69.60 (32)56.70 (34)0.192
Total insulin dose (units/day)c29.10 ± 27.619.80 ± 22.50.078
Years diagnosed with type 2 DM (years)c, d3.75 + 2.333.71 + 2.490.870
Oral hypoglycemic agents used before pregnancy (%, )b, d81 (17)85.7 (24)0.905

aMean ± SD analyzed by Student -test.
bPercentage ( ) analyzed by Chi square test.
cMean ± SD analyzed by Mann-Whitney test.
dWomen with type 2 DM ( ).