International Journal of Endocrinology / 2012 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Low Glycemic Index Carbohydrates versus All Types of Carbohydrates for Treating Diabetes in Pregnancy: A Randomized Clinical Trial to Evaluate the Effect of Glycemic Control

Table 2

Baseline anthropometric and dietary data of pregnant women studied.

Group 1 (All types of CHO) 
( )
Group 2 (Low GI CHO) 
( )
value

Weight (kg)a73.95 ± 16.5974.12 ± 13.720.953
Height (cm)a152.36 ± 6.92155.28 ± 5.170.054
Pregestational body mass index (kg/m2)a32.0 ± 6.330.50 ± 5.20.132
Overweight/obesity (%, )b93.5 (43)86.8 (53)0.595
Energy intake (kcal/day)c1525 ± 4791535 ± 5600.937
Carbohydrate intake (% TEI)c47.50 ± 8.950.50 ± 8.60.418
Protein intake (% TEI)a20.59 ± 4.9119.59 ± 5.260.326
Lipid intake (% TEI)a32.09 ± 8.4129.80 ± 8.300.166
Fiber intake (g/day)a23.10 ± 10.824.30 ± 12.80.804
Saturated fat intake (% TEI)a10.00 ± 3.209.47 ± 3.490.433
Monounsaturated fat intake (% TEI)a9.85 ± 4.318.46 ± 3.190.060
Polyunsaturated fat intake (% TEI)c6.61 ± 4.265.17 ± 3.250.067
Glycemic index of dieta50.0 ± 8.951.20 ± 7.20.712

aMean ± SD analyzed by Student -test.
bPercentage ( ) analyzed by Chi square test.
cMean ± SD analyzed by Mann-Whitney test.
%TEI: total energy intake.