International Journal of Endocrinology / 2012 / Article / Tab 5

Research Article

Low Glycemic Index Carbohydrates versus All Types of Carbohydrates for Treating Diabetes in Pregnancy: A Randomized Clinical Trial to Evaluate the Effect of Glycemic Control

Table 5

Dietary intake throughout the intervention in both study groups.

Group 1 (All types of CHO)  ( )Group 2 (Low GI CHO) ( ) valueb, c
T1T2T3 valueaT1T2T3 valuea

Energy (kcal)1525 ± 4791568 ± 4781613 ± 4740.2991542 ± 5661507 ± 3791506 ± 4380.6970.838
Protein (% TEI)20.58 ± 4.9121.81 ± 4.7921.15 ± 5.230.59619.83 ± 5.4523.54 ± 20.1521.45 ± 4.420.0580.582
Carbohydrates (% TEI)47.50 ± 8.9547.88 ± 6.8445.78 ± 8.270.33348.67 ± 8.6147.59 ± 8.1746.59 ± 9.090.9570.530
Fiber (g/day)23.11 ± 10.8425.99 ± 11.5520.58 ± 4.910.21124.70 ± 12.8426.81 ± 10.7825.36 ± 10.310.6320.666
Lipids (% TEI)32.08 ± 8.4130.26 ± 6.7532.47 ± 7.360.80029.45 ± 8.3728.38 ± 9.9627.90 ± 8.510.3000.518
Saturated fat (% TEI)10.00 ± 3.2610.43 ± 3.2010.60 ± 2.960.2629.31 ± 3.568.51 ± 2.908.70 ± 3.270.3260.473
Monounsaturated fat (% TEI)9.84 ± 4.318.86 ± 2.748.86 ± 2.740.8048.27 ± 3.298.31 ± 6.177.91 ± 3.230.5210.114
Polyunsaturated fat (% TEI)6.95 ± 3.975.06 ± 3.216.00 ± 4.110.1905.49 ± 4.015.62 ± 4.964.96 ± 3.090.3850.475
Glycemic index50.00 ± 8.9848.61 ± 8.370.34551.29 ± 7.2847.18 ± 6.930.001 * 0.921

Mean ± SD analyzed by repeated measures ANOVA.
aIntra-group differences, binter-group differences.
cEstimated effect size Eta2   in all comparisons.
*Significant decrease throughout time ( ).
T1: first visit value, T2: mean values during pregnancy, and T3: last visit value.
%TEI: Total energy intake.