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International Journal of Endocrinology
Volume 2013, Article ID 190454, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/190454
Clinical Study

Physical Fitness in Children with Type 1 Diabetes Measured with Six-Minute Walk Test

1Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital, 88000 Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina
2Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital, 21000 Split, Croatia

Received 24 April 2013; Revised 12 June 2013; Accepted 13 June 2013

Academic Editor: Ilias Migdalis

Copyright © 2013 Vladimir Jegdic et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Aim/Hypothesis. To examine whether children with DMT1 are less physically fit than healthy children and to assess whether an elevated level of HbA1c was associated with decreased physical fitness among children with diabetes. Methods. The study was conducted using case-control methodology. The cases were 100 children with T1DM, 7–17,9 years. Study subjects underwent a 6MWT, where distance measured, heart rate, and oxygen saturation was recorded. Results. Results of the 6MWT for children with T1DM and controls were 601.3 ± 86.1 meters versus 672.1 ± 60.6 meters, respectively ( ). The cases were divided into two subgroups, one with HbA1c levels >8% and one with HbA1c <8%. Results for both groups were inferior to the controls ( ). The posttest pulse rate in all subjects was higher than the pretest pulse rate ( ). Pulse oxygen levels were lower than controls at the pretest measurement ( ), and for both cases and controls, pulse oxygen levels decreased after test ( ). However, the change in oxygen saturation did not differ between the groups ( ). Conclusions. Children with T1D are less fit than matched controls. The level of HbA1c did not affect the physical fitness of children with T1D.