Table 1: Prevalence of anaemia and cardiovascular risk profiles by ethnic group for the study cohort.

Female ( )Male ( ) value*
Caucasian
( )
South Asian
( )
Afro-Caribbean
( )
Caucasian
( )
South Asian
( )
Afro-Caribbean
( )

Age-adjusted percentage 3 types of anaemia, % (95% CI)
Iron deficiency anaemia15.2
(14–17)
22.0
(17.0–27.0)
10.0
(4.2–15.0)
12.1
(10.3–14)
20.0
(13.0–27.2)
4.0
(0.0–7.3)
<0.001
Vitamin B12 deficiency anaemia5.5
(4.4–6.6)
8.2
(4.9–11.5)
0.8
(0–2.4)
3.4
(2.4–4.4)
0.7
(0–2.3)
0.00.005
Anaemia of chronic disease73.0
(71.0–75.0)
65.2
(60.0–71.0)
53.0
(44.0–62.0)
73.0
(71.0–75.4)
70.5
(62.2–79.0)
62.0
(52.3–71.4)
0.001

Age-adjusted percentage of risk factors, % (95% CI)
Type 2 diabetes6.3
(5.1–7.4)
20.5
(16.0–25.4)
9.2
(4.0–14.4)
8.0
(6.2–9.1)
13.0
(7.0–19.1)
17.0
(9.4–24.0)
<0.001
Ischemic heart disease9.2
(8.0–11.0)
11.4
(8.0–15.2)
3.5
(0.2–7.0)
11.0
(9.0–12.3)
15.0
(8.2–21.0)
0.0<0.001
Myocardial infarction1.6
(1.0–2.2)
2.0
(0.2–3.4)
0.03.0
(2.0–3.4)
2.4
(0–5.1)
0.00.094
Hypertension15.3
(14.0–17.0)
29.2
(24.0–35.0)
25.0
(17.0–32.2)
13.0
(11.0–14.4)
0.023.4
(15.1–31.8)
0.996
Atrial fibrillation6.6
(5.4–7.8)
1.1
(0–2.3)
3.5
(0.2–6.9)
5.0
(4.0–6.0)
0.6
(0–20)
2.4
(0–5.4)
<0.001

CI: confidence interval.
*On the basis of chi-square test across all groups.
Data are age-adjusted percent (95% CI).