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International Journal of Endocrinology
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 185974, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/185974
Research Article

Two Novel CYP11B1 Gene Mutations in Patients from Two Croatian Families with 11β-Hydroxylase Deficiency

1Division of Clinical Genetics, Department of Pediatrics, Children’s University Hospital Zagreb, Klaiceva 16, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
2Steroid Disorder Program, Department of Pediatrics, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
3Tissue Typing Centre, University Hospital Centre Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
4Department of Laboratory Medicine, University Hospital Centre Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia

Received 9 February 2014; Revised 1 May 2014; Accepted 5 May 2014; Published 2 June 2014

Academic Editor: Małgorzata Kotula-Balak

Copyright © 2014 Katja Dumic et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Steroid 11β-hydroxylase deficiency (11β-OHD) is the second most common cause of congenital adrenal hyperplasia. Mutations in the CYP11B1 gene, which encodes steroid 11β-hydroxylase, are responsible for this autosomal recessive disorder. Here, we describe the molecular genetics of two previously reported male siblings in whom diagnosis of 11β-OHD has been established based on their hormonal profiles displaying high levels of 11-deoxycortisol and hyperandrogenism. Both patients are compound heterozygous for a novel p.E67fs (c.199delG) mutation in exon 1 and a p.R448H (c.1343G>A) mutation in exon 8. We also report the biochemical and molecular genetics data of one new 11β-OHD patient. Sequencing of the CYP11B1 gene reveals that this patient is compound heterozygous for a novel, previously undescribed p.R141Q (c.422G>A) mutation in exon 3 and a p.T318R (c.953C>G) mutation in exon 5. All three patients are of Croatian (Slavic) origin and there is no self-reported consanguinity in these two families. Results of our investigation confirm that most of the CYP11B1 mutations are private. In order to elucidate the molecular basis for 11β-OHD in the Croatian/Slavic population, it is imperative to perform CYP11B1 genetic analysis in more patients from this region, since so far only four patients from three unrelated Croatian families have been analyzed.