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International Journal of Endocrinology
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 232975, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/232975
Research Article

Cannabinoid Receptor 1 Gene Polymorphisms and Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome and in Healthy Controls

1Department of Endocrinology, Diabetology and Isotope Therapy, Wroclaw Medical University, 4 Pasteura Street, 50-367 Wroclaw, Poland
2Department of Radiology, Wroclaw Medical University, 68 Curie-Sklodowskiej Street, 50-369 Wroclaw, Poland
3Department of Health Promotion, University School of Physical Education, 35 Paderewskiego Street, 51-612 Wroclaw, Poland
4First Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Wroclaw Medical University, 3 Chalubinskiego Street, 50-368 Wroclaw, Poland

Received 3 February 2014; Revised 7 May 2014; Accepted 17 June 2014; Published 17 July 2014

Academic Editor: Anil K. Agarwal

Copyright © 2014 Justyna Kuliczkowska Plaksej et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Context. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is frequently associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The endocannabinoid system may play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of NAFLD. Polymorphism of the cannabinoid receptor 1 gene (CNR1) may be responsible for individual susceptibility to obesity and related conditions. Objective. To determine the role of genetic variants of CNR1 in the etiopathology of NAFLD in women with PCOS. Design and Setting. Our department (a tertiary referral center) conducted a cross-sectional, case-controlled study. Subjects. 173 women with PCOS (aged 20–35) and 125 healthy, age- and weight-matched controls were studied. Methods. Hepatic steatosis was assessed by ultrasound evaluation. Single nucleotide polymorphisms of CNR1 (rs806368, rs12720071, rs1049353, rs806381, rs10485170, rs6454674) were genotyped. Results. Frequency of the G allele of rs806381 () and the GG genotype of rs10485170 () was significantly higher in women with PCOS and NAFLD than in PCOS women without NAFLD. Frequency of the TT genotype of rs6454674 was higher in PCOS women with NAFLD (not significantly, ). In multivariate stepwise regression, allele G of rs806381 was associated with PCOS + NAFLD phenotype. Conclusion. Our preliminary results suggest the potential role of CNR1 polymorphisms in the etiology of NAFLD, especially in PCOS women.