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International Journal of Endocrinology
Volume 2014, Article ID 240760, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/240760
Research Article

The Effects of Soy Bean Flour Enriched Bread Intake on Anthropometric Indices and Blood Pressure in Type 2 Diabetic Women: A Crossover Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial

1Food Security Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, P.O. Box 81745-151, Isfahan, Iran
2Department of Clinical Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Science, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, P.O. Box 81745-151, Isfahan, Iran
3Endocrine and Metabolism Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, P.O. Box 81745-151, Isfahan, Iran
4Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Science, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, P.O. Box 81745-151, Isfahan, Iran
5Department of Epidemiology & Biostatics, School of Public Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, P.O. Box 81745-151, Isfahan, Iran

Received 18 July 2014; Accepted 25 August 2014; Published 8 September 2014

Academic Editor: Ilias Migdalis

Copyright © 2014 Asma Salari Moghaddam et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Previous studies showed that soy bean has the potential to improve many aspects of diabetes state and provide metabolic benefits that aid in weight management. We aimed to determine the effects of soy bean flour enriched bread on anthropometric indices and blood pressure among type 2 diabetic patients. This randomized, crossover, clinical trial was performed in 30 type 2 diabetic women. There were two trial periods for 6 weeks and a wash-out period for 4 weeks. In the soy bread diet period, 120 g of soy bean flour enriched bread was consumed each day instead of the same amount of their usual bread or other cereal products. After a 4-week wash-out period, participants were crossed over for another 6 weeks. Mean (±SD) age of study participants was 45.7 ± 3.8 years. The results of our study showed no significant effects of soy bean flour enriched bread on anthropometric indices and blood pressure among diabetic patients. Despite the slight reduction in BMI, waist circumference, and percent of body fat, there were no significant differences in changes of these values between two groups. No significant changes in waist to hip ratio and blood pressure were seen.