Relevance of a Hypersaline Sodium-Rich Naturally Sparkling Mineral Water to the Protection against Metabolic Syndrome Induction in Fructose-Fed Sprague-Dawley Rats: A Biochemical, Metabolic, and Redox Approach
Redox state markers in liver. (a) Catalase (U catalase/mg protein; ), (b) superoxide dismutase (U SOD/mg protein; ), (c) glutathione peroxidase activities (U GPx/mg protein; ), (d) oxidized glutathione content (nmol/mg protein; ), (e) GSH to GSSG ratio (), and (f) sirtuin 3 protein expression (arbitrary units (a.u.); -6), at the end of the dietary intervention. Results were expressed as mean standard error of the mean. * CONT versus FRUCT; *** CONT versus FRUCT. CONT: control; FRUCT: 10% fructose in tap water; FRUCTMIN: 10% fructose in natural mineral-rich water; G: global ; GPx: glutathione peroxidase; GSH: reduced glutathione; GSSG: oxidized glutathione; Sirt3: sirtuin 3; SOD: superoxide dismutase.