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International Journal of Endocrinology
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 575124, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/575124
Research Article

Glycemic Control Outcomes by Gender in the Pay-for-Performance System: A Retrospective Database Analysis in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

1Institute of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University, Department of Medical Management, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, No. 110, Section 1, Jianguo N. Road, Taichung City 40201, Taiwan
2Institute of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University, Department of Endocrinology & Metabolism, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, No. 110, Section 1, Jianguo N. Road, Taichung City 40201, Taiwan
3Department of Health Services Administration, Chung Shan Medical University, Department of Medical Education, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, No. 110, Section 1, Jianguo N. Road, Taichung City 40201, Taiwan
4Diabetes Education Center, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, No. 110, Section 1, Jianguo N. Road, Taichung City 40201, Taiwan
5Department of Applied Foreign Languages, Chung Shan Medical University, Department of Medical Education, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, No. 110, Section 1, Jianguo N. Road, Taichung City 40201, Taiwan

Received 4 May 2014; Revised 31 July 2014; Accepted 2 August 2014; Published 18 August 2014

Academic Editor: Andre P. Kengne

Copyright © 2014 Shao-Ping Yuan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. The purpose of this study was to investigate how the degree of glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes associated with lifestyle interventions as well as sociodemographic factors and further examine the differences by gender. Methods. This was a retrospective study using data collected from a diabetes quality improvement plan that began in 2002 in a medical center in Taiwan. Statistic analysis was used to determine the associations of sociodemographic data, lifestyle intervention, and treatment regimens with changes in HbA1c levels (between the initial visit and the latest follow-up measured level), and the differences were then sorted by the sex of the patients. Results. Our results showed that HbA1c averaged 7.50% for males and 7.80% for females at the initial visit, compared to levels averaging 7.50% for males and 7.70% for females at the most recent follow-up visit. There was no significant change () in HbA1c in males, but there was a 0.10% () reduction in females. The duration of the diabetes and medication regimen was associated with the decrease seen in the females. Conclusions. The results of these analyses provide important insights for policy makers to formulate healthcare policies related to chronic diseases or illnesses.