|Data are expressed as mean SD.|
The Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare the data between insulin sensitive and insulin resistant.
Chi-square test was used to compare the prevalence of MetS, AH, and dyslipidemia between insulin sensitive and insulin resistant.
ApoB/ApoA-I ratio: apolipoprotein B/apolipoprotein A-I ratio, ApoA-I: apolipoprotein A-I, ApoB: apolipoprotein B, SP: systolic blood pressure, DP: diastolic blood pressure, WC: waist circumference, BMI: body mass index, HDL-C: high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-C: low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, FG: fasting glucose, FIns: fasting insulin, TG: triglyceride, TC: total cholesterol, HOMA2-IR: homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance, MetS: metabolic syndrome, and AH: arterial hypertension.
Insulin sensitive (defined as the gender-specific first three quartiles) HOMA2-IR (homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance) <2.9; insulin resistant (defined as the gender-specific upper quartile) HOMA2-IR (homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance) ≥2.9.