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International Journal of Endocrinology
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 313971, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/313971
Clinical Study

Prospective Analysis of Risk for Hypothyroidism after Hemithyroidectomy

1Clinic of Gastroenterology, Nephrourology and Surgery, Center of Abdominal Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius University, Santariskiu 2, LT-08661 Vilnius, Lithuania
2Clinic of Ear, Nose, Throat and Eye Diseases, Center of Ear, Nose and Throat Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius University, Santariskiu 2, LT-08661 Vilnius, Lithuania

Received 4 February 2015; Accepted 14 March 2015

Academic Editor: Jack R. Wall

Copyright © 2015 Virgilijus Beisa et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objectives. To evaluate risk factors and to develop a simple scoring system to grade the risk of postoperative hypothyroidism (PH). Methods. In a controlled prospective study, 109 patients, who underwent hemithyroidectomy for a benign thyroid disease, were followed up for 12 months. The relation between clinical data and PH was analyzed for significance. A risk scoring system based on significant risk factors and clinical implications was developed. Results. The significant risk factors of PH were higher TSH (thyroid-stimulating hormone) level and lower ratio of the remaining thyroid weight to the patient’s weight (derived weight index). Based on the log of risk factor, preoperative TSH level greater than 1.4 mU/L was assigned 2 points; 1 point was for 0.8–1.4 mU/L. The derived weight index lower than 0.8 g/kg was assigned 1 point. A risk scoring system was calculated by summing the scores. The incidences of PH were 7.3%, 30.4%, and 69.2% according to the risk scores of 0-1, 2, and 3. Conclusion. Risk factors for PH are higher preoperative TSH level and lower derived weight index. Our developed risk scoring system is a valid and reliable tool to identify patients who are at risk for PH before surgery.