Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Endocrinology
Volume 2015, Article ID 715871, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/715871
Research Article

The Age-Specific Association of Waist Circumference and Risk of Chronic Kidney Disease in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Shandong, China

1Department of Endocrinology, Key Laboratory of Endocrinology of the Ministry of Health, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing 100730, China
2Department of Ophthalmology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing 100730, China
3Department of Ophthalmology, Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital of Muping District of Yantai City, Yantai, Shandong 264100, China
4Department of Endocrinology, Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital of Muping District of Yantai City, Yantai, Shandong 264100, China
5Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and School of Basic Medicine, Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100005, China

Received 10 July 2015; Accepted 17 August 2015

Academic Editor: Francesco Perticone

Copyright © 2015 Lingling Xu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. L. Zhang, F. Wang, L. Wang et al., “Prevalence of chronic kidney disease in China: a cross-sectional survey,” The Lancet, vol. 379, no. 9818, pp. 815–822, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. A. Y. T. Wu, N. C. T. Kong, F. A. De Leon et al., “An alarmingly high prevalence of diabetic nephropathy in Asian type 2 diabetic patients: the MicroAlbuminuria Prevalence (MAP) Study,” Diabetologia, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 17–26, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. B. Lu, X. Song, X. Dong et al., “High prevalence of chronic kidney disease in population-based patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes in downtown Shanghai,” Journal of Diabetes and its Complications, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 96–103, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. K. Dittmann, A. Hannemann, H. Wallaschofski et al., “U-shaped association between central body fat and the urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio and microalbuminuria,” BMC Nephrology, vol. 14, no. 1, article 87, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. R. P. Gelber, T. Kurth, A. T. Kausz et al., “Association between body mass index and CKD in apparently healthy men,” American Journal of Kidney Diseases, vol. 46, no. 5, pp. 871–880, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. E. F. Elsayed, M. J. Sarnak, H. Tighiouart et al., “Waist-to-hip ratio, body mass index, and subsequent kidney disease and death,” American Journal of Kidney Diseases, vol. 52, no. 1, pp. 29–38, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. H. Kramer, D. Reboussin, A. G. Bertoni et al., “Obesity and albuminuria among adults with type 2 diabetes: the look AHEAD (Action for Health in Diabetes) study,” Diabetes Care, vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 851–853, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. A. Mohsen, R. Brown, R. Hoefield et al., “Body mass index has no effect on rate of progression of chronic kidney disease in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus,” Journal of Nephrology, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 384–393, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. K. Blaslov, T. Bulum, and L. Duvnjak, “Waist-to-height ratio is independently associated with chronic kidney disease in overweight type 2 diabetic patients,” Endocrine Research, pp. 1–5, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. S. A. Lear, K. H. Humphries, S. Kohli, A. Chockalingam, J. J. Frohlich, and C. L. Birmingham, “Visceral adipose tissue accumulation differs according to ethnic background: results of the Multicultural Community Health Assessment Trial (M-CHAT),” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 86, no. 2, pp. 353–359, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. B. Afsar, R. Elsurer, E. Güner, and A. Kirkpantur, “Which anthropometric parameter is best related with urinary albumin excretion and creatinine clearance in type 2 diabetes: body mass index, waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, or conicity index?” Journal of Renal Nutrition, vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 472–478, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. H. Oh, S. A. Quan, J.-Y. Jeong, S.-N. Jang, J. E. Lee, and D.-H. Kim, “Waist circumference, not body mass index, is associated with renal function decline in Korean population: hallym aging study,” PLoS ONE, vol. 8, no. 3, Article ID e59071, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. A. O. Y. Luk, W.-Y. So, R. C. W. Ma et al., “Metabolic syndrome predicts new onset of chronic kidney disease in 5,829 patients with type 2 diabetes: a 5-year prospective analysis of the Hong Kong Diabetes Registry,” Diabetes Care, vol. 31, no. 12, pp. 2357–2361, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. J. Honaker, G. King, and M. Blackwell, “Amelia II: a program for missing data,” Journal of Statistical Software, vol. 45, no. 7, pp. 1–47, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. K. Imai, G. King, and O. Lau, “Toward a common framework for statistical analysis and development,” Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistics, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 892–913, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet · View at Scopus
  16. K. Imai, G. King, and O. Lau, Zelig: Everyone's Statistical Software, 2007.
  17. G. Targher, M. Chonchol, L. Bertolini et al., “Increased risk of CKD among type 2 diabetics with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease,” Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, vol. 19, no. 8, pp. 1564–1570, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. S.-J. Pinto-Sietsma, G. Navis, W. M. T. Janssen, D. De Zeeuw, R. O. B. Gans, and P. E. De Jong, “A central body fat distribution is related to renal function impairment, even in lean subjects,” American Journal of Kidney Diseases, vol. 41, no. 4, pp. 733–741, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. W.-H. Huang, C.-Y. Chen, J.-L. Lin, D.-T. Lin-Tan, C.-W. Hsu, and T.-H. Yen, “High body mass index reduces glomerular filtration rate decline in type II diabetes mellitus patients with stage 3 or 4 chronic kidney disease,” Medicine, vol. 93, no. 7, article e41, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. C. Maric-Bilkan, “Obesity and diabetic kidney disease,” Medical Clinics of North America, vol. 97, no. 1, pp. 59–74, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. F. M. R. Sanches, C. M. Avesani, M. A. Kamimura et al., “Waist circumference and visceral fat in CKD: a cross-sectional study,” The American Journal of Kidney Diseases, vol. 52, no. 1, pp. 66–73, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. P. Deurenberg, M. Deurenberg-Yap, and S. Guricci, “Asians are different from Caucasians and from each other in their body mass index/body fat per cent relationship,” Obesity Reviews, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 141–146, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. J. Wang, J. C. Thornton, M. Russell, S. Burastero, S. Heymsfield, and R. N. Pierson Jr., “Asians have lower body mass index (BMI) but higher percent body fat than do whites: comparisons of anthropometric measurements,” The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 60, no. 1, pp. 23–28, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. M. Barzin, F. Hosseinpanah, S. Serahati, M. Salehpour, A. A. Nassiri, and F. Azizi, “Changes in waist circumference and incidence of chronic kidney disease,” European Journal of Clinical Investigation, vol. 44, no. 5, pp. 470–476, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. Prospective Studies Collaboration, “Body-mass index and cause-specific mortality in 900 000 adults: collaborative analyses of 57 prospective studies,” The Lancet, vol. 373, no. 9669, pp. 1083–1096, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. S. Romundstad, J. Holmen, K. Kvenild, H. Hallan, and H. Ellekjær, “Microalbuminuria and all-cause mortality in 2,089 apparently healthy individuals: a 4.4-year follow-up study. The Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT), Norway,” American Journal of Kidney Diseases, vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 466–473, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. J. Ming, S. Xu, C. Yang et al., “Metabolic syndrome and chronic kidney disease in general Chinese adults: results from the 2007-08 China National Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders Study,” Clinica Chimica Acta, vol. 430, pp. 115–120, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. J. Chen, D. Gu, C. S. Chen et al., “Association between the metabolic syndrome and chronic kidney disease in Chinese adults,” Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 1100–1106, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  29. L. Jiang, Y. Liang, B. Qiu et al., “Metabolic syndrome and chronic kidney disease in a rural Chinese population,” Clinica Chimica Acta, vol. 412, no. 21-22, pp. 1983–1988, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  30. S. G. Wannamethee and J. L. Atkins, “Muscle loss and obesity: the health implications of sarcopenia and sarcopenic obesity,” Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, pp. 1–8, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar