International Journal of Endocrinology / 2015 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Early Hyperglycemia in Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury Predicts for Mortality, Prolonged Duration of Mechanical Ventilation, and Intensive Care Stay

Table 1

Clinical demographics and mechanism of injury for both survivors and nonsurvivors with moderate and severe traumatic brain injury.

All
()
Survivors
()
Nonsurvivors
()
value

Age (years), median (IQRa) 8.6 (5.0–11.0)9.2 (6.4–11.4)3.9 (2.1–5.8)0.037
Gender, males, (%) 28 (64)22 (63)6 (67)1.000
GCSb ≤8 on admission, (%)23 (52)14 (40)9 (100)0.002
Presence of polytrauma, (%) 21 (48)15 (43)6 (67)0.202
Initial glucose, mg/dL, median (IQRa) 180 (131–257)153 (131–234)245 (212–369)0.116
Initial glucose >200 mg/dL, (%)19 (43)12 (34)7 (78)0.027
Pediatric trauma score, median (IQRa) 4 (3–6)4 (4–7)1 (0–3)0.001
Mechanism of injury, (%)0.048
 Road traffic accident22 (50)18 (51)4 (44)
 Fall15 (34)14 (40)1 (11)
 Nonaccidental injury 3 (7)1 (3)2 (22)
 Others4 (9)2 (6)2 (22)
Number requiring neurosurgery, (%) 31 (71)26 (74)5 (56)0.272

IQR: interquartile range; bGCS: Glasgow Coma Score.

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