International Journal of Endocrinology / 2015 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Sex Differences in Cardiovascular Mortality in Diabetics and Nondiabetic Subjects: A Population-Based Study (Italy)

Table 3

of dead, age-adjusted death rates (AADR) per 100.000 person/years and incidence rate ratios (IRR) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) by sex and diabetes status, for cause of death.

CausesMalesFemalesTotal
No diabetesWith diabetesNo diabetesWith diabetesNo diabetes With diabetes
AADR
(95% CI)
AADR
(95% CI)
IRR
(95% CI)
AADR
(95% CI)
AADR
(95% CI)
IRR
(95% CI)
AADR
(95% CI)
AADR
(95% CI)
IRR
(95% CI)

All causes
(A00–T98)
4090869.5
(843.3–895.6)
12401662.9
(1432.5–1893.2)
1.63
(1.52–1.73)
3090600.5
(579.6–621.4)
7881197.0
(1077.5–1316.4)
1.77
(1.64–1.92)
7180730.9
(714.2–747.5)
20281422.7
(1295.3–1550.2)
1.68
(1.60–1.78)
CVD
(I00–I99)
1161249.8
(235.5–264.0)
357432.5
(373.8–491.2)
1.56
(1.38–1.76)
1017200.0
(187.8–212.2)
271360.3
(315.0–405.5)
1.69
(1.47–1.93)
2178224.1
(214.8–233.5)
628395.3
(358.5–432.0)
1.61
(1.47–1.76)
AMI
(I21–I23)
221 46.4 (40.2–52.5) 57 70.9 (50.6–91.1) 1.48 (1.10–1.99) 137 26.9 (22.4–31.4) 39 51.6 (34.9–68.3) 1.81 (1.27–2.59) 358 36.3 (32.6–40.1) 96 60.9 (47.9–74.0) 1.59 (1.27–1.99)
Other CVD 950 203.4 (190.5–216.3) 300 361.6 (306.5–416.8) 1.58 (1.39–1.80) 880 173.1 (161.7–184.5) 232 308.6 (266.5–350.8) 1.67 (1.44–1.93) 1820 187.8 (179.2–196.4) 532 334.3 (299.9–368.8) 1.62 (1.47–1.78)
Diabetes
(E10–E14)
183.8
(2.0–5.6)
125139.9
(114.2–165.6)
37.22
(22.61–61.30)
132.5
(1.1–3.9)
89119.4
(90.9–147.9)
44.79
(24.98–80.31)
313.1
(2.0–4.2)
214129.3
(110.1–148.6)
40.46
(27.68–59.14)
Renal causes
(N00–N39)
8719.0
(15.0–23.0)
2526.1
(15.8–36.4)
1.37
(0.88–2.14)
5911.5
(8.6–14.4)
2126.0
(14.8–37.1)
2.37
(1.43–3.91)
14615.1
(12.7–17.6)
4626.0
(18.4–33.6)
1.71
(1.22–2.38)
Other causes2824596.9
(575.1–618.7)
7331064.4
(842.9–1285.8)
1.44
(1.32–1.56)
2001386.5
(369.7–403.4)
407691.3
(584.5–798.1)
1.51
(1.35–1.68)
4825488.5
(474.8–502.2)
1140872.1
(751.5–992.7)
1.46
(1.37–1.56)

CVD = cardiovascular disease; AMI = acute myocardial infarction; AADR = age-adjusted death rate, using Italian population at 31.12.2009, stratified by sex.
IRR = calculated using Poisson model, adjusted for age, and sex. People without diabetes were used as reference.

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