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International Journal of Endocrinology
Volume 2015, Article ID 973154, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/973154
Research Article

Serum Bisphenol A Level in Boys with Cryptorchidism: A Step to Male Infertility?

1Department of Pediatric Surgery, Medical University of Bialystok, Ulica Waszyngtona 17, 15-274 Bialystok, Poland
2Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, Medical University of Bialystok, Ulica Adama Mickiewicza 2D, 15-222 Bialystok, Poland
3Department of Statistics and Medical Informatics, Medical University of Bialystok, Szpitalna 37, 15-295 Bialystok, Poland

Received 23 June 2015; Revised 26 August 2015; Accepted 6 September 2015

Academic Editor: Tsutomu Ogata

Copyright © 2015 Marta Diana Komarowska et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Cryptorchidism is the most common congenital birth defect in boys and affects about 2–4% full-term male neonates. Its etiology is multifactorial. Purpose. To evaluate the serum bisphenol A (BPA) levels in boys with cryptorchidism and healthy boys and to assess the risk of environmental exposure to BPA using the authors’ questionnaire. The data were acquired from a study on boys with cryptorchidism () and a control group (). Prior to surgery, all patients had BPA serum levels evaluated. The size, position, rigidity of the testis, and abnormality of the epididymis of the undescended testis were assessed. Parents also completed a questionnaire on the risks of exposure to BPA in everyday life. Results. The testes in both groups were similar in size. The turgor of the undescended testis in the group of boys with cryptorchidism was decreased. Free serum BPA level in cryptorchid boys and in the control group was not statistically significant (). The conjugated serum BPA level in cryptorchid boys and in the control group was statistically significant (). Total serum BPA level in cryptorchid boys and in the control group was statistically significant (). Serum total BPA level was related with a positive answer about problems with conception (). Conclusion. Our study indicated that high serum BPA was associated with cryptorchidism.