International Journal of Endocrinology / 2017 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Relationship between Central Arterial Stiffness and Insulin Resistance in Chinese Community-Dwelling Population without Diabetes Mellitus

Table 1

Baseline characteristics of the entire population according to insulin resistance.

CharacteristicsLow HOMA-IR group ()High HOMA-IR group () value

Age (year)36 (30–55)42 (33–59)<0.001
≤65 (%)484 (84.2)472 (82.1)0.345
>65 (%)91 (15.8)103 (17.9)
Males (%)405 (70.4)396 (68.9)0.564
BMI (kg/m2)23.51 (21.53–25.47)25.95 (24.22–27.92)<0.001
<24 (%)332 (57.7)131 (22.8)<0.001
≥24 (%)243 (42.3)444 (77.2)
Hypertension (%)107 (18.6)170 (29.6)<0.001
SBP (mmHg)120 (111–131)126 (116–137)<0.001
DBP (mmHg)75 (69–81)79 (71–86)<0.001
FBG (mmol/L)4.67 (4.40–4.92)4.97 (4.68–5.24)<0.001
FINS (mIU/L)4.39 (3.21–5.41)9.39 (7.62–12.3)<0.001
PBG (mmol/L)5.11 (4.36–6.02)5.77 (4.76–6.85)<0.001
High TG (%)112 (19.5)228 (39.7)<0.001
TG (mmol/L)1.06 (0.81–1.54)1.53 (1.13–2.17)<0.001
Low HDL-c (%)16 (2.8)55 (9.6)<0.001
HDL-c (mmol/L)1.44 (1.22–1.68)1.24 (1.06–1.50)<0.001
High LDL-c (%)71 (12.3)70 (12.2)0.928
LDL-c (mmol/L)2.40 (1.96–2.92)2.54 (2.09–3.01)0.005
High cfPWV (%)254 (44.2)324 (56.3)<0.001
cfPWV (m/s)9.2 (8.4–10.7)9.9 (8.7–11.3)<0.001

HOMA-IR: homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance; BMI: body mass index; SBP: systolic blood pressure; DBP: diastolic blood pressure; FBG: fasting blood glucose; FINS: fasting insulin; PBG: postprandial blood glucose; TG: triglycerides; HDL-c: high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol; LDL-c: low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol; cfPWV: carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity.