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International Journal of Endocrinology
Volume 2017, Article ID 3906306, 7 pages
Research Article

Vitamin D Deficiency and Its Determinants in Adults: A Sample from Community-Based Settings in the United Arab Emirates

1Nursing Department, College of Health Sciences, University of Sharjah, P.O. Box 27272, Sharjah, UAE
2Department of Health Systems Science, UIC College of Nursing (M/C 802), 845 South Damen Ave., Rm. 956, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
3Medical Labratory Sciences Department, College of Health Sciences, University of Sharjah, P.O. Box 27272, Sharjah, UAE

Correspondence should be addressed to Wegdan Bani-issa;

Received 8 October 2016; Accepted 1 February 2017; Published 2 March 2017

Academic Editor: Janaka Karalliedde

Copyright © 2017 Wegdan Bani-issa et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background. Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) is a public health concern in adults worldwide. This study aims to explore the extent of VDD and its associated factors among adults in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Subjects and Methods. Quantitative, cross-sectional research was used to assess VDD and its associated factors in 216 adults recruited from randomly selected community-based healthcare settings over a six-month period. Recent values of vitamin D and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) were abstracted from medical records, followed by interviews with participants to obtain information on factors related to VDD and other covariates and to measure their heights and weights. Results. A total of 74% of participants demonstrated VDD (vitamin D serum  nmol/L). Emirati participants had higher odds of having VDD compared to non-Emiratis (OR: 2.95; 95% CI: 1.58–5.52), with also significantly increased odds of the condition appearing in older, less educated, and employed adults. Diabetes type 2 (), depression, and obesity were significantly associated with an increased likelihood of VDD after accounting for other covariates. Conclusion. VDD is a significant problem for UAE adults and requires attention by public health policy makers. Diabetes, obesity, and depression need to be considered when screening for vitamin D.