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International Journal of Endocrinology
Volume 2018 (2018), Article ID 3614303, 18 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/3614303
Review Article

The Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System as a Therapeutic Target in Late Injury Caused by Ischemia-Reperfusion

University of Guadalajara, Institute of Experimental and Clinical Therapeutics, Department of Physiology, University Health Sciences Centre, Guadalajara, JAL, Mexico

Correspondence should be addressed to Alejandra Guillermina Miranda-Díaz; moc.kooltuo@1xeladnik

Received 18 July 2017; Revised 9 January 2018; Accepted 7 February 2018; Published 4 April 2018

Academic Editor: Brasilina Caroccia

Copyright © 2018 Simón Quetzalcóatl Rodríguez-Lara et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury is a well-known phenomenon that involves different pathophysiological processes. Connection in diverse systems of survival brings about cellular dysfunction or even apoptosis. One of the survival systems of the cells, to the assault caused by ischemia, is the activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (also known as an axis), which is focused on activating diverse signaling pathways to favor adaptation to the decrease in metabolic supports caused by the hypoxia. In trying to adapt to the I/R event, great changes occur that unchain cellular dysfunction with the capacity to lead to cell death, which translates into a poor prognosis due to the progression of dysfunction of the cellular activity. The search for the understanding of the diverse therapeutic alternatives in molecular coupling could favor the prognosis and evolution of patients who are subject to the I/R process.