International Journal of Endocrinology / 2018 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Incidence and Risk Factors of Diabetic Foot Ulcer: A Population-Based Diabetic Foot Cohort (ADFC Study)—Two-Year Follow-Up Study

Table 1

Baseline characteristics of all participants and comparison between two groups (developing and not developing DFU).

CharacteristicsAll patients ()Patients developing DFU ()Patients not developing DFU () value

Age (years)53.52 ± 10.8155.9 ± 13.4753.38 ± 10.630.214
Gender
Female307 (57.5)9 (30)298 (59.1)0.002
Male227 (42.5)21 (70)206 (40.9)
Diabetes duration (year)8.77 ± 6.8713.46 ± 8.488.49 ± 6.670.001
BMI (kg/m2)28.63 ± 4.4228.33 ± 4.9128.65 ± 4.400.700
Waist circumference (cm)95.22 ± 11.0295.33 ± 12.4695.22 ± 10.940.710
Blood pressure (mmHg)
Systolic BP128.74 ± 11.87129.67 ± 12.99128.68 ± 11.810.879
Diastolic BP81.11 ± 4.9281.33 ± 5.7181.10 ± 4.880.918
Ethnicity0.974
Fars158 (29.6)8 (26.7)150 (29.8)
Arab272 (50.9)16 (53.3)256 (50.8)
Lor86 (16.1)5 (16.7)81 (16.1)
Other18 (3.4)1 (3.3)17 (3.4)
Education0.017
Illiterate129 (24.2)11 (36.6)118 (23.4)
≤Diploma366 (68.5)14 (46.7)352 (69.9)
University degree39 (7.3)5 (16.7)34 (6.7)
Marital status0.269
Single12 (2.2)0 (0)12 (2.4)
Married498 (93.3)27 (90)471 (93.4)
Divorced or dead partner24 (4.5)3 (10)21 (4.2)
Job activity0.097
Low446 (83.5)21 (70)425 (84.3)
Moderate41 (7.7)5 (16.7)36 (7.1)
High17 (3.2)1 (3.3)16 (3.2)
No job30 (5.6)3 (10)27 (5.4)
Smoking status0.013
Present26 (4.9)3 (10)23 (4.6)
Former43 (8.1)6 (20)37 (7.3)
No smoker465 (87.1)21 (70)444 (88.1)

DFU: diabetic foot ulcer; BP: blood pressure. These variables are described as mean ± SD; other are presented as N (%).

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