Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Endocrinology
Volume 2018, Article ID 9863050, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/9863050
Research Article

Changes in Body Compositions and Basal Metabolic Rates during Treatment of Graves’ Disease

1Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea
2Department of Food Service and Nutrition Care, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea
3Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea

Correspondence should be addressed to Sun Wook Cho; rk.ca.uns@dmohcws

Received 18 December 2017; Revised 13 March 2018; Accepted 3 April 2018; Published 3 May 2018

Academic Editor: Darío Acuña-Castroviejo

Copyright © 2018 Min Joo Kim et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. B. Kim, “Thyroid hormone as a determinant of energy expenditure and the basal metabolic rate,” Thyroid, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 141–144, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. Y. Tohma, M. Akturk, A. Altinova et al., “Circulating levels of orexin-A, nesfatin-1, agouti-related peptide, and neuropeptide Y in patients with hyperthyroidism,” Thyroid, vol. 25, no. 7, pp. 776–783, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. L. Lonn, K. Stenlof, M. Ottosson, A. K. Lindroos, E. Nystrom, and L. Sjostrom, “Body weight and body composition changes after treatment of hyperthyroidism,” The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, vol. 83, no. 12, pp. 4269–4273, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. L. J. Greenlund, K. S. Nair, and M. D. Brennan, “Changes in body composition in women following treatment of overt and subclinical hyperthyroidism,” Endocrine Practice, vol. 14, no. 8, pp. 973–978, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. Lopez, C. V. Alvarez, R. Nogueiras, and C. Dieguez, “Energy balance regulation by thyroid hormones at central level,” Trends in Molecular Medicine, vol. 19, no. 7, pp. 418–427, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. C. G. Acotto, H. Niepomniszcze, and C. A. Mautalen, “Estimating body fat and lean tissue distribution in hyperthyroidism by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry,” Journal of Clinical Densitometry, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 305–311, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. C. L. Chng, A. Y. Lim, H. C. Tan et al., “Physiological and metabolic changes during the transition from hyperthyroidism to euthyroidism in Graves’ disease,” Thyroid, vol. 26, no. 10, pp. 1422–1430, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. Korean Nutrition Society, Dietary Reference Intakes for Koreans, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Sejong-si, Republic of Korea, 2015.
  9. J. A. Harris and F. G. Benedict, A Biometric Study of Basal Metabolism in Man, Carnegie institution of Washington, Washington, DC, USA, 1919.
  10. S. G. Haidar, D. Kumar, R. S. Bassi, and S. C. Deshmukh, “Average versus maximum grip strength: which is more consistent?” Journal of Hand Surgery, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 82–84, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. J. W. Dietrich, A. Stachon, B. Antic, H. H. Klein, and S. Hering, “The AQUA-FONTIS study: protocol of a multidisciplinary, cross-sectional and prospective longitudinal study for developing standardized diagnostics and classification of non-thyroidal illness syndrome,” BMC Endocrine Disorders, vol. 8, no. 1, p. 13, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J. W. Dietrich, G. Landgrafe-Mende, E. Wiora et al., “Calculated parameters of thyroid homeostasis: emerging tools for differential diagnosis and clinical research,” Frontiers in Endocrinology, vol. 7, p. 57, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. L. A. de Jesus, S. D. Carvalho, M. O. Ribeiro et al., “The type 2 iodothyronine deiodinase is essential for adaptive thermogenesis in brown adipose tissue,” The Journal of Clinical Investigation, vol. 108, no. 9, pp. 1379–1385, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. J. Karmisholt, S. Andersen, and P. Laurberg, “Weight loss after therapy of hypothyroidism is mainly caused by excretion of excess body water associated with myxoedema,” The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, vol. 96, no. 1, pp. E99–103, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. A. Boeving, G. Paz-Filho, R. B. Radominski, H. Graf, and G. Amaral de Carvalho, “Low-normal or high-normal thyrotropin target levels during treatment of hypothyroidism: a prospective, comparative study,” Thyroid, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 355–360, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. M. H. Samuels, I. Kolobova, A. Smeraglio, D. Peters, J. Q. Purnell, and K. G. Schuff, “Effects of levothyroxine replacement or suppressive therapy on energy expenditure and body composition,” Thyroid, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 347–355, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. H. al-Adsani, L. J. Hoffer, and J. E. Silva, “Resting energy expenditure is sensitive to small dose changes in patients on chronic thyroid hormone replacement,” The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, vol. 82, no. 4, pp. 1118–1125, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. M. Pietzner, B. Engelmann, T. Kacprowski et al., “Plasma proteome and metabolome characterization of an experimental human thyrotoxicosis model,” BMC Medicine, vol. 15, no. 1, p. 6, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. M. H. Samuels, I. Kolobova, M. Antosik, M. Niederhausen, J. Q. Purnell, and K. G. Schuff, “Thyroid function variation in the normal range, energy expenditure, and body composition in L-T4–treated subjects,” The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, vol. 102, no. 7, pp. 2533–2542, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. G. Liu, L. Liang, G. A. Bray et al., “Thyroid hormones and changes in body weight and metabolic parameters in response to weight loss diets: the POUNDS LOST trial,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 41, no. 6, pp. 878–886, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. P. de Lange, A. Lanni, L. Beneduce et al., “Uncoupling protein-3 is a molecular determinant for the regulation of resting metabolic rate by thyroid hormone,” Endocrinology, vol. 142, no. 8, pp. 3414–3420, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. V. Lebon, S. Dufour, K. F. Petersen et al., “Effect of triiodothyronine on mitochondrial energy coupling in human skeletal muscle,” The Journal of Clinical Investigation, vol. 108, no. 5, pp. 733–737, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. P. Laurberg, H. Vestergaard, S. Nielsen et al., “Sources of circulating 3,5,3-triiodothyronine in hyperthyroidism estimated after blocking of type 1 and type 2 iodothyronine deiodinases,” The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, vol. 92, no. 6, pp. 2149–2156, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. A. Mortoglou and H. Candiloros, “The serum triiodothyronine to thyroxine (T3/T4) ratio in various thyroid disorders and after levothyroxine replacement therapy,” Hormones, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 120–126, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. J. Yoshimura Noh, N. Momotani, S. Fukada, K. Ito, A. Miyauchi, and N. Amino, “Ratio of serum free triiodothyronine to free thyroxine in Graves’ hyperthyroidism and thyrotoxicosis caused by painless thyroiditis,” Endocrine Journal, vol. 52, no. 5, pp. 537–542, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. Y. Yabu, N. Amino, K. Nakatani, K. Ichihara, M. Azukizawa, and K. Miyai, “Graves’ disease associated with elevated serum thyroxine-binding globulin concentrations,” The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, vol. 51, no. 2, pp. 325–329, 1980. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. H. Norrelund, K. Y. Hove, E. Brems-Dalgaard et al., “Muscle mass and function in thyrotoxic patients before and during medical treatment,” Clinical Endocrinology, vol. 51, no. 6, pp. 693–699, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. M. D. Brennan, J. M. Coenen-Schimke, M. L. Bigelow, and K. S. Nair, “Changes in skeletal muscle protein metabolism and myosin heavy chain isoform messenger ribonucleic acid abundance after treatment of hyperthyroidism,” The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, vol. 91, no. 11, pp. 4650–4656, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus