International Journal of Endocrinology / 2019 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

New Predictive Equations for Resting Energy Expenditure in Normal to Overweight and Obese Population

Table 2

Characteristics of study population.

VariablesTotal Mean ± SD (n = 423)MenWomen value
Mean ± SD (n = 208)Mean ± SD (n = 215)
Normal Wt (N = 59)Over Wt (N = 80)Obesity (N = 69) valueNormal Wt (N = 75)Over Wt (N = 76)Obesity (N = 64) value

Age (year)28.1 ± 8.023.6 ± 5.626.4 ± 8.725.0 ± 6.8NS28.2 ± 5.331.5 ± 8.133.6 ± 81
Ht (cm)164.4 ± 8.5170.9 ± 5.9170.2 ± 5.4171.5 ± 6.4NS158.0 ± 5.5159.0 ± 53157.4 ± 5.6NS
Wt (kg)77.4 ± 19.065.5 ± 6.679.5 ± 6.5108.5 ± 14.656.3 ± 5.869.4 ± 6.285.7 ± 12.1
BMI (kg/m2)28.5 ± 6.122.4 ± 1.827.4 ± 1.436.9 ± 5.022.5 ± 1.727.4 ± 1.434.6 ± 4.3
IBW57.8 ± 9.365.4 ± 6.464.5 ± 5.866.0 ± 6.950.4 ± 4.951.4 ± 4.749.9 ± 5.1NS
AdjWt62.7 ± 10.165.4 ± 5.968.3 ± 5.776.6 ± 7.251.9 ± 4.855.9 ± 4.958.9 ± 5.9
WC (cm)87.8 ± 14.976.8 ± 7.889.7 ± 8.1111.4 ± 10.573.1 ± 6.382.4 ± 6.693.8 ± 8.8
HC (cm)104.9 ± 13.692.7 ± 5.6102.8 ± 12.7120.4 ± 10.593.8 ± 6.9103.6 ± 6.1116.5 ± 9.6NS
WHR0.76 ± 0.10.83 ± 0.10.88 ± 0.10.93 ± 010.78 ± 0.10.80 ± 0.10.81 ± 0.1P < 0.05
MAC (cm)30.4 ± 4.626.3 ± 2.428.8 ± 2.233.5 ± 4.427.1 ± 2.431.1 ± 2.636.0 ± 4.1
TST (mm)27.2 ± 8.917.1 ± 6.725.4 ± 6.634.3 ± 6.322.3 ± 6.329.5 ± 6.734.0 ± 7.3
MAMA (cm2)39.2 ± 13.335.5 ± 10.835.0 ± 8.042.5 ± 14.732.9 ± 8.538.4 ± 8.952.2 ± 17.7
PBF (%)31.6 ± 9.417.6 ± 5.125.1 ± 4.034.8 ± 5.230.0 ± 4.637.6 ± 3.243.8 ± 6.0
FM (kg)25.0 ± 11.311.6 ± 4.019.9 ± 3.838.0 ± 10.017.1 ± 3.926.2 ± 4.037.3 ± 7.9
FMI9.3 ± 4.34.0 ± 1.36.9 ± 1.313.0 ± 3.56.8 ± 1.410.3 ± 1.315.0 ± 3.0
FFM (kg)52.2 ± 11.553.4 ± 5.259.3 ± 5.270.0 ± 7.739.2 ± 3.043.3 ± 3.348.4 ± 5.1
FFMI19.2 ± 3.018.3 ± 1.220.4 ± 1.123.8 ± 2.415.7 ± 0.917.1 ± 0.819.5 ± 1.7
TBW (L)47.1 ± 19.557.0 ± 8.552.6 ± 5.449.1 ± 5.040.8 ± 11.839.9 ± 7.639.3 ± 4.4NS
RMR (kcal/day)1749.8 ± 391.61762.5 ± 224.51932.4 ± 293.42278.7 ± 344.31366.4 ± 159.01526.7 ± 216.21647.6 ± 261.4
RQ0.84 ± 0.10.79 ± 0.10.79 ± 0.10.81 ± 01NS0.72 ± 0.10.71 ± 0.10.72 ± 0.1NS
VO2 (ml/min)258.2 ± 56.0258.5 ± 33.7283.1 ± 42.2331.5 ± 50.0204.6 ± 24.1227.1 ± 34.5246.3 ± 39.6
VCO2 (ml/min)196.4 ± 52.7203.0 ± 29.1222.9 ± 40.0268.2 ± 47.2146.7 ± 19.6163.4 ± 27.9176.5 ± 29.5

Significance difference between subgroups was assessed by the one-way ANOVA test while that between men and women was tested by the independent samples t-test. NS, nonsignificant; Ht, height; Wt, weight; BMI, body mass index; WC, waist circumference; HC, hip circumference; WHR, waist hip ratio; IBW, ideal body weight by the Hamwi equation; AdjWt, adjusted body weight; MAC, midarm circumference; TST, triceps skin-fold thickness; MAMA, midarm muscular area; PBF, percent body fat; FM, fat mass; FMI, fat mass index; FFM, fat-free mass; FFMI, fat-free mass index; TBW, total body water; RMR, resting metabolic rate; RQ, respiratory quotient; VO2, volume of O2 inspired per minute; VCO2, volume of CO2 expired per minute.

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