Table 6: Foraging modes, number of foragers, foraging rates, and pollen transfer efficiency of different flower visitors of toria (Brassica campestris).

ParameterForaging modeVisitor species
Andrena ilerdaApis dorsataApis floreaApis mellifera

No. of foragers /m2(a)N003.94±0.490.97±0.08 (b)
P00.19±0.021.07±0.090.67±0.05 (c)
NP0.73±0.051.91±0.184.14±0.522.11±0.21 (c)
N+P+NP0.73±0.052.10±0.209.15±0.103.75±0.50 (c)

Foraging rate (per minute)(a)N00ntnt
P09.33±1.46.3±0.7211.46±1.35 (c)
NP9.39±1.65.5±0.72.50±0.398.45±0.69 (c)

PTE (per minute)9.395.851.876.80

Abbreviations are as in Table 5.