International Journal of Electrochemistry / 2013 / Article / Fig 9

Research Article

Buoyancy Effect of Ionic Vacancy on the Change of the Partial Molar Volume in Ferricyanide-Ferrocyanide Redox Reaction under a Vertical Gravity Field

Figure 9

Effect of the buoyancy force of ionic vacancy on the total buoyancy force. (a), the case of upward electrode; (b), the case of downward electrode. thick black arrow, the buoyancy force by the product and reactant ions, upward by the density decrease (a) and downward by the density increase (b); white arrow, the buoyancy force by the ionic vacancy, upward by the production (a) and downward by the extinction (b); thin black arrow, the gravity acceleration.