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International Journal of Forestry Research
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 295414, 12 pages
Research Article

Afforestation for the Provision of Multiple Ecosystem Services: A Ukrainian Case Study

1Social, Economic and Geographical Sciences, The James Hutton Institute, Craigiebuckler, Aberdeen AB15 8QH, Scotland, UK
2Agricultural Economics and Rural Policy, Wageningen University, Hollandseweg 1, 6706 KN Wageningen, The Netherlands
3Environmental Network Ltd., The Hillocks, Tarland, Aboyne AB34 4TJ, Scotland, UK

Received 28 March 2011; Revised 21 August 2011; Accepted 30 August 2011

Academic Editor: Frits Mohren

Copyright © 2012 Maria Nijnik et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This paper presents an economic analysis of the planting of trees on marginal lands in Ukraine for timber production, erosion prevention, and climate mitigation. A methodology combining econometric analysis, simulation modelling, and linear programming to analyse the costs and benefits of such afforestation has been adopted. The research reveals that, at discount rates lower than 2%, establishment of new forests is economically justified in the majority of forestry zones. Incorporating the effects of afforestation on mitigating climate change increases social benefits. However, the results indicate that whilst soil protection benefits to agriculture from afforestation in the Steppe are expected to be high, carbon sequestration and timber production activities in the Steppe are cost inefficient due to low rates of tree growth and relatively high opportunity costs of land. The opportunity costs of land are also high in the Polissja where afforestation is cost inefficient at 2% and higher discount rates.