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International Journal of Forestry Research
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 140926, 16 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/140926
Research Article

Ecological Features of Cultivated Stands of Aquilaria malaccensis Lam. (Thymelaeaceae), a Vulnerable Tropical Tree Species in Assamese Homegardens

1Centre for Environmental Sciences, Central University of Jharkhand, Brambe, Ranchi, Jharkhand 835205, India
2Department of Botany, Dr. Hari Singh Gour Central University, Sagar, Madhya Pradesh 470003, India

Received 10 February 2014; Accepted 22 June 2014; Published 8 July 2014

Academic Editor: Sunil Nautiyal

Copyright © 2014 P. Saikia and M. L. Khan. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Research was conducted in twenty-seven selected villages located in Jorhat and Golaghat districts of upper Assam, northeast India, for population estimation, quantitative ecological analysis, and evaluation of Aquilaria malaccensis (Thymelaeaceae). Vegetation sampling was done by quadrat method and A. malaccensis is the most dominant tree species in all twenty-seven different study sites of upper Assam contributing 10–54% of the total tree density with a mean of . Density of the species varied from 6,236 individuals ha−1 to 429 individuals ha−1 with a mean of 1,609 individuals , whereas frequency of occurrence is very high ranging from 93% to 100% with a mean of in different study sites. Distribution of A. malaccensis is found contagious in all twenty-six study sites on the basis of abundance to frequency ratio except in KBG, Golaghat, where its distribution is random with 0.04 abundance to frequency ratio. The widespread cultivation of A. malaccensis in upper Assam, northeast India, offers a potential ex situ reservoir for the future conservation and management of this threatened tree.